Is diffuse axonal injury on susceptibility weighted imaging a biomarker for executive functioning in adolescents with traumatic brain injury?
Catharine Vander Linden, Helena Verhelst, Eva Genbrugge, Ellen Deschepper, Karen Caeyenberghs, Guy Vingerhoets and Karel Deblaere. (2019) Is diffuse axonal injury on susceptibility weighted imaging a biomarker for executive functioning in adolescents with traumatic brain injury? European Journal of Paediatric Neurology. 23(3), pp. 525-536. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.04.003
|Authors||Catharine Vander Linden, Helena Verhelst, Eva Genbrugge, Ellen Deschepper, Karen Caeyenberghs, Guy Vingerhoets and Karel Deblaere|
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a heterogeneous disorder in which diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is an important component contributing to executive dysfunction. During adolescence, developing brain networks are especially vulnerable to acceleration-deceleration forces. We aimed to examine the correlation between DAI (number and localization) and executive functioning in adolescents with TBI.
We recruited 18 adolescents with a mean age of 15y8m (SD = 1y7m), averaging 2.5 years after sustaining a moderate-to-severe TBI with documented DAI. Susceptibility Weighted Imaging sequence was administered to localize the DAI lesions. The adolescents performed a neurocognitive test-battery, addressing different aspects of executive functioning (working memory, attention, processing speed, planning ability) and their parents completed the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF) – questionnaire. Executive performance of the TBI-group was compared with an age and gender matched control group of typically developing peers. Based on these results we focused on the Stockings of Cambridge test and the BRIEF to correlate with the total number and location of DAI. Results revealed that the anatomical distribution of DAI, especially in the corpus callosum and the deep brain nuclei, may have more implications for executive functioning than the total amount of DAI in adolescents. Results of this study may help guide targeted rehabilitation to redirect the disturbed development of executive function in adolescents with TBI.
|Keywords||adolescent; development; executive function; pediatric traumatic brain injury; susceptibility weighted imaging|
|Journal||European Journal of Paediatric Neurology|
|Journal citation||23 (3), pp. 525-536|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpn.2019.04.003|
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|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||21 Apr 2021|
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