Causes of child labour: Perceptions of rural and urban parents in Ghana

Journal article


Obed Adonteng-Kissi. (2018). Causes of child labour: Perceptions of rural and urban parents in Ghana. Children and Youth Services Review. 91, pp. 55-65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.05.034
AuthorsObed Adonteng-Kissi
Abstract

The study focuses on parental perceptions of causes of child labour in rural and urban areas of Ghana. The research is grounded on qualitative research techniques by specifically utilising in-depth interviews, focus groups, and participant observation to collect the necessary data for the study. In this approach, the data gathering happened in Phases 1 and 2 of the research study at the research sites in rural areas, and urban areas. The 60 participants included government officials, representatives from NGOs, and both parents whose children were involved in child labour and parents whose children were not involved. Much theoretical and empirical evidence is presented to argue that child labour has a multiplicity of causes including cultural practices, socialisation, poverty, and lack of mechanisation of work. This paper finds that the socio-cultural contexts of child labour play a critical role in children's involvement in farming in the rural area while poverty also contributes to children's engagement in artisanal fishing work in the slum urban communities in Ghana. This paper recommends that child labour must be tackled in a coordinated manner on a cross-sectoral basis and there is the need to adopt policies that would address the category of work that falls within worst forms of child labour (WFCL). Additionally, policy-makers and NGOs must consider the link between economic deprivation and child labour when implementing programmes designed to combat the problem.

Year2018
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
Journal citation91, pp. 55-65
PublisherElsevier Inc.
ISSN0190-7409
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2018.05.034
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85048477731
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Publication process dates
Deposited21 Apr 2021
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