Paramedic Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preparedness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Patients

Journal article


Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Peter Lucas and Brett Williams. (2017). Paramedic Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Preparedness to Manage Intimate Partner Violence Patients. Prehospital Emergency Care. 21(6), pp. 750-760. https://doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2017.1332125
AuthorsSimon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams, Peter Lucas and Brett Williams
Abstract

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to abuse transpiring between people in an intimate relationship. Intimate partner violence is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for women that paramedics frequently report encountering and yet paramedics rarely receive formal education or training to manage. The response of paramedics to IPV is likely to be directed by their individual knowledge, attitudes, and preparedness; all of which are currently unknown. This study aimed to measure paramedic students' knowledge, attitudes, and preparedness to manage IPV patients, and provides baseline data to inform the development of contemporary curricula. Methods: We surveyed a cohort of paramedic students from two Australian universities using the Modified Physician REadiness to Manage Intimate partner violence Survey (PREMIS). Internal consistency of previously identified scales was calculated and multiple linear regression was used to measure the association between previous training, knowledge, attitudes, and preparation. Results: We received 260 surveys (80.5% response rate). Results show that actual knowledge, perceived knowledge, and preparedness to manage IPV patients were low. Students with previous training reported higher perceived knowledge (p <.05) and preparedness (p <.01). Participants reported low self-efficacy, confidence, and preparation to manage IPV patients and demonstrated mostly neutral attitudes toward women and patients. Conclusions: Results indicate students require increased IPV education. Education should improve knowledge and preparedness to recognize and refer IPV patients, as well as change neutral and inappropriate attitudes. Incorporating such education and training into the paramedic curricula may improve the preparedness of practitioners, resulting in an improved response to IPV patients.

Keywordsintimate partner violence; paramedic; emergency medicine; medical education
Year2017
JournalPrehospital Emergency Care
Journal citation21 (6), pp. 750-760
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd
ISSN1090-3127
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2017.1332125
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85028600979
Publisher's version
File Access Level
Controlled
Publication process dates
Deposited26 Apr 2021
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8vxyy/paramedic-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-preparedness-to-manage-intimate-partner-violence-patients

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 90
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 3
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Systematic review of incidence, prevalence, and trends in health outcomes for Australian and New Zealand paramedics
Sawyer, Simon, Cowlishaw, Sean, Kendrick, Kylie, Boyle, Malcom, Dicker, Bridget and Lord, Bill. (2023). Systematic review of incidence, prevalence, and trends in health outcomes for Australian and New Zealand paramedics. Prehospital Emergency Care. 27(4), pp. 398-412. https://doi.org/10.1080/10903127.2022.2064019
Adverse events from nitrate administration during right ventricular myocardial infarction : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Wilkinson-Stokes, Matt, Betson, Jason and Sawyer, Simon. (2023). Adverse events from nitrate administration during right ventricular myocardial infarction : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Emergency Medicine Journal. 40(2), pp. 108-113. https://doi.org/10.1136/emermed-2021-212294
The readiness of Australian health care students to encounter patients experiencing partner abuse
Sawyer, Simon, Schneider, Michal, Western, Deborah, Bourke-Taylor, Helen, Farnworth, Lousie, Lawerence, Katherine, Lentin, Primrose, McLelland, Gayle, Melvin, Glenn, Recoche, Katrina, Schweitzer, Ronald, Simmonds, Janette, Storr, Michael, Thomacos, Nikos, Williams, Angela and Williams, Brett. (2022). The readiness of Australian health care students to encounter patients experiencing partner abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 37(11-12), pp. NP9575-NP9590. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520981136
A new scale of readiness for health care students to encounter partner abuse
Sawyer, Simon, Melvin, Glenn, Williams, Angela and Williams, Brett. (2022). A new scale of readiness for health care students to encounter partner abuse. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 37(15-16), pp. NP14877-NP14897. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260520981131
Government demands for arbitrary performance targets are contributing to ambulance delays, paramedic exhaustion
Sawyer, Simon. (2021). Government demands for arbitrary performance targets are contributing to ambulance delays, paramedic exhaustion The Conversation Media Group.
Supporting people affected by intimate partner violence in emergency and crisis situations
Sawyer, Simon. (2021). Supporting people affected by intimate partner violence in emergency and crisis situations. In In Bradbury-Jones, Caroline and Isham, Louise (Ed.). Understanding gender-based violence : An essential textbook for nurses, healthcare professionals and social workers pp. 167-182 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-65006-3_11
Family violence
Sawyer, Simon. (2021). Family violence. In In Williams, Brett and Ross, Linda (Ed.). Paramedic principles and practice : A clinical reasoning approach pp. 986-1004 Elsevier Australia.
Paramedics as a new resource for women experiencing intimate partner violence
Sawyer, Simon, Coles, Jan, Williams, Angela and Williams, Brett. (2021). Paramedics as a new resource for women experiencing intimate partner violence. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 36(5-6), pp. 2999-3018. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260518769363
Paramedics have one of Australia’s most dangerous jobs — and not just because of the trauma they witness
Sawyer, Simon, Boyle, Malcolm and Lawn, Sharon. (2020). Paramedics have one of Australia’s most dangerous jobs — and not just because of the trauma they witness The Conversation Media Group.
Current state of trauma services in Saudi Arabia
Alshamrani, Abdullah, Alshammari, Talal, Sawyer, Simon and Williams, Brett. (2020). Current state of trauma services in Saudi Arabia. Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care. 2020(1), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.5339/JEMTAC.2020.6
The psychometric properties of an intimate partner violence education outcome measure
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams and Brett Williams. (2019). The psychometric properties of an intimate partner violence education outcome measure. Nurse Education Today. 76, pp. 148-153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.12.009
The knowledge, attitudes and preparedness of Australian paramedics to manage intimate partner violence patients – A pilot study
Simon Sawyer, Angela Williams, Auston Rotheram and Brett Williams. (2018). The knowledge, attitudes and preparedness of Australian paramedics to manage intimate partner violence patients – A pilot study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 15(2), pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.15.2.564
A systematic review of intimate partner violence educational interventions delivered to allied health care practitioners
Simon Sawyer, Jan Coles, Angela Williams and Brett Williams. (2016). A systematic review of intimate partner violence educational interventions delivered to allied health care practitioners. Medical Education. 50(11), pp. 1107-1121. https://doi.org/10.1111/medu.13108
The use and limits of eye-tracking in high-fidelity clinical scenarios: A pilot study
Browning, Mark, Cooper, Simon, Cant, Robyn, Sparkes, Louise, Bogossian, Fiona, Williams, Brett, O'Meara, Peter, Ross, Linda, Munro, Graham and Black, Barbara. (2016). The use and limits of eye-tracking in high-fidelity clinical scenarios: A pilot study. International Emergency Nursing. 25, pp. 43 - 47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2015.08.002
Preventing and reducing the impacts of intimate partner violence : Opportunities for Australian ambulance services
Sawyer, Simon, Coles, Jan, Williams, Angela and Williams, Brett. (2015). Preventing and reducing the impacts of intimate partner violence : Opportunities for Australian ambulance services. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 27(4), pp. 307-311. https://doi.org/10.1111/1742-6723.12406
Developing situation awareness amongst nursing and paramedicine students utilizing eye tracking technology and video debriefing techniques: A proof of concept paper
O'Meara, Peter, Munro, Graham George, Williams, Brett, Cooper, Simon, Bogossian, Fiona Elizabeth, Ross, Linda, Sparkes, Louise, Browning, Mark and McClounan, Mariah. (2015). Developing situation awareness amongst nursing and paramedicine students utilizing eye tracking technology and video debriefing techniques: A proof of concept paper. International Emergency Nursing. 23(2), pp. 94 - 99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2014.11.001
The accuracy of undergraduate paramedic students in measuring blood pressure : A pilot study
Boyle, Malcolm, Williams, Brett and Sawyer, Simon. (2014). The accuracy of undergraduate paramedic students in measuring blood pressure : A pilot study. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine. 11(2), pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.33151/ajp.11.2.23
Are Australian paramedics adequately trained and prepared for intimate partner violence? A pilot study
Sawyer, Simon, Parekh, Vanita, Williams, Angela and Williams, Brett. (2014). Are Australian paramedics adequately trained and prepared for intimate partner violence? A pilot study. Journal of Clinical Forensic and Legal Medicine. 28, pp. 32-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jflm.2014.09.008
A cross-sectional study of paramedics' readiness for interprofessional learning and cooperation: Results from five universities
Williams, Brett, Boyle, Malcolm, Brightwell, Richard, McCall, Michael, McMullen, Paula, Munro, Graham George, O'Meara, Peter and Webb, Vanessa. (2013). A cross-sectional study of paramedics' readiness for interprofessional learning and cooperation: Results from five universities. Nurse Education Today. 33(11), pp. 1369 - 1375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2012.06.021
Paramedic empathy levels: Results from seven Australian universities
Williams, Brett, Boyle, Malcolm, Brightwell, Richard, Devenish, Scott, Hartley, Peter, McCall, Michael, McMullen, Paula, Munro, Graham George, O'Meara, Peter and Webb, Vanessa. (2012). Paramedic empathy levels: Results from seven Australian universities. International Journal of Emergency Services. 1(2), pp. 111 - 121. https://doi.org/10.1108/20470891211275902
Undergraduate paramedic students' attitudes to e-learning: Findings from five university programs
Williams, Brett, Boyle, Malcolm, Molloy, Andrew, Brightwell, Richard, Munro, Graham, Service, Melinda and Brown, Ted. (2011). Undergraduate paramedic students' attitudes to e-learning: Findings from five university programs. Research in Learning Technology. 19(2), pp. 89 - 100. https://doi.org/10.1080/21567069.2011.586679