Joint associations of leisure screen time and physical activity with academic performance in a sample of Japanese children

Journal article


Ishii, Kaori, Aoyagi, Kenryu, Shibata, Ai, Koohsari, Javad, Carver, Alison and Oka, Koichiro. (2020). Joint associations of leisure screen time and physical activity with academic performance in a sample of Japanese children. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17(3), pp. 1-8. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030757
AuthorsIshii, Kaori, Aoyagi, Kenryu, Shibata, Ai, Koohsari, Javad, Carver, Alison and Oka, Koichiro
Abstract

Studies have shown the potential effects of sedentary behavior and physical activity on not only physical and mental health but also academic performance in children. Nevertheless, studies have only focused on either sedentary behavior or physical activity. Examining the joint effects of both behaviors on academic performance provides detailed insights into the patterns of these behaviors in relation to children’s academic achievement. The present study investigated the joint longitudinal associations of physical activity and screen time with academic performance among Japanese children. The screen time and physical activity of 261 children aged 7–10 years were assessed, and their academic performance was evaluated one year later. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the joint associations of screen time and physical activity with academic performance adjusted for demographic characteristics. Children with low screen time and physical activity had 2.04 (95% confidence interval: 1.11–3.78) times greater odds of having high academic performance compared to children with high screen time and low physical activity, while children with low screen time and high physical activity had 2.75 (1.17–6.43) times greater odds (boys; 4.12 (1.19–14.24)). Low screen time was related to high academic performance after one year, regardless of the physical activity level.

Keywordssedentary behavior; screen time; active lifestyle; elementary school; academic outcome; children
Year2020
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal citation17 (3), pp. 1-8
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17030757
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85078671834
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-8
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 Jan 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Jan 2020
Deposited28 Apr 2021
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Carver, Alison. (2017). Parental perceptions of risk and children's physical activity. In In C. Freeman, P. Tranter and T. Skelton (Ed.). Risk, protection, provision and policy pp. 241 - 259 Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-4585-99-6
Area-level socio-economic disparities in active and sedentary transport: Investigating the role of population density in Australia
Sugiyama, Takemi, Cole, Rachel, Thompson, Russell, Sahlqvist, Shannon, de Sá, Thiago Hérick, Carver, Alison and Astell-Burt, Thomas. (2017). Area-level socio-economic disparities in active and sedentary transport: Investigating the role of population density in Australia. Journal of Transport and Health. 6, pp. 282 - 288. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2017.04.009
Insights into children's independent mobility for transportation cycling - Which socio-ecological factors matter?
Ghekiere, Ariane, Deforche, Benedicte, Carver, Alison, Mertens, Lieze, de Geus, Bas, Clarys, Peter, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Van Cauwenberg, Jelle. (2017). Insights into children's independent mobility for transportation cycling - Which socio-ecological factors matter? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 20(3), pp. 267 - 272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2016.08.002
Parental perceptions of risk and children's physical activity
Carver, Alison. (2017). Parental perceptions of risk and children's physical activity. In In C. Freeman, P. Tranter and T. Skelton (Ed.). Risk, protection, provision and policy pp. 241 - 259 Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-035-3_8
Evaluation of the impact of a personalised post-donation SMS on the retention of whole blood donors
Gemelli, Carley N., Carver, Alison, Garn, Alana, Wright, Stephen T. and Davison, Tanya E.. (2017). Evaluation of the impact of a personalised post-donation SMS on the retention of whole blood donors. Transfusion. 58(3), pp. 701 - 709. https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.14463
Challenges in conducting natural experiments in parks - lessons from the REVAMP study
Veitch, Jenny, Salmon, Jo, Giles-Corti, Billie, Crawford, David, Dullaghan, Kate, Carver, Alison and Timperio, Anna. (2017). Challenges in conducting natural experiments in parks - lessons from the REVAMP study. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 14(1), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0460-0
What predicts children's active transport and independent mobility in disadvantaged neighborhoods?
Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Salmon, J., Abbott, G., Ball, Kylie, Crawford, David, Cleland, Verity and Timperio, Anna. (2017). What predicts children's active transport and independent mobility in disadvantaged neighborhoods? Health and Place. 44, pp. 103 - 109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.02.003
Built environmental factors and adults' travel behaviors: role of street layout and local destinations
Koohsari, Javad, Owen, Neville, Cole, Rachel, Mavoa, Suzanne, Oka, Koichiro, Hanibuchi, Tomoya and Sugiyama, Takemi. (2017). Built environmental factors and adults' travel behaviors: role of street layout and local destinations. Preventive Medicine. 96, pp. 124 - 128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.12.021
Children's active transport and independent mobility in the urban environment
Carver, Alison. (2017). Children's active transport and independent mobility in the urban environment. In In C. R. Ergler, R. Kearns and K. Witten (Ed.). Children's Health and Wellbeing in Urban Environments pp. 32 - 44 Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315571560-3
Supermarket access, transport mode and BMI: the potential for urban design and planning policy across socio-economic areas
Murphy, Maureen, Koohsari, Javad, Badland, Hannah and Giles-Corti, Billie. (2017). Supermarket access, transport mode and BMI: the potential for urban design and planning policy across socio-economic areas. Public Health Nutrition. 20(18), pp. 3304 - 3315. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017002336
Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with older adults' physical function: an isotemporal subtitution approach
Yasunaga, Akitomo, Shibata, Ai, Ishii, Kaori, Koohsari, Javad, Inoue, Shigeru, Sugiyama, Takemi, Owen, Neville and Oka, Koichiro. (2017). Associations of sedentary behavior and physical activity with older adults' physical function: an isotemporal subtitution approach. BMC Geriatrics. 17(1), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-017-0675-1
Prevalence and correlates of walkable short car trips: A cross-sectional multilevel analysis
Cole, Rachel, Turrell, Gavin, Koohsari, Javad, Owen, Neville and Sugiyama, Takemi. (2017). Prevalence and correlates of walkable short car trips: A cross-sectional multilevel analysis. Journal of Transport and Health. 4, pp. 73 - 80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2016.11.007
Associations of street layout with walking and sedentary behaviors in an urban and a rural area of japan
Koohsari, Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Shibata, Ai, Ishii, Kaori, Liao, Yung, Hanibuchi, Tomoya, Owen, Neville and Oka, Koichiro. (2017). Associations of street layout with walking and sedentary behaviors in an urban and a rural area of japan. Health and Place. 45, pp. 64 - 69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.03.003
Does parental accompaniment when walking or cycling moderate the association between physical neighbourhood environment and active transport among 10-12 year olds?
Ghekiere, Ariane, Carver, Alison, Veitch, Jenny, Salmon, Jo, Deforche, Benedicte and Timperio, Anna. (2016). Does parental accompaniment when walking or cycling moderate the association between physical neighbourhood environment and active transport among 10-12 year olds? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 19(2), pp. 149 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.01.003
Street network measures and adults' walking for transport: Application of space syntax
Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Mavoa, Suzanne, Villanueva, Karen, Badland, Hannah, Giles-Corti, Billie and Owen, Neville. (2016). Street network measures and adults' walking for transport: Application of space syntax. Health and Place. 38, pp. 89 - 95. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.12.009
Adverse associations of car time with markers of cardio-metabolic risk
Sugiyama, Takemi, Wijndaele, Katrien, Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Tanamas, Stephanie K., Dunstan, David W. and Owen, Neville. (2016). Adverse associations of car time with markers of cardio-metabolic risk. Preventive Medicine. 83, pp. 26-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.11.029
Australian children's independent mobility levels: secondary analyses of cross-sectional data between 1991 and 2012
Schoeppe, Stephanie, Tranter, Paul, Duncan, Mitch J., Curtis, Carey, Carver, Alison and Malone, Karen. (2016). Australian children's independent mobility levels: secondary analyses of cross-sectional data between 1991 and 2012. Children's Geographies. 14(4), pp. 408 - 421. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2015.1082083
Psychosocial factors associated with children's cycling for transport: A cross-sectional moderation study
Ghekiere, Ariane, Cauwenberg, Jelle Van, Carver, Alison, Mertens, Lieze, de Geus, Bas, Clarys, Peter, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte. (2016). Psychosocial factors associated with children's cycling for transport: A cross-sectional moderation study. Preventive Medicine. 86, pp. 141 - 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.03.001
Objectively measured sedentary behaviour and health and development in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Cliff, Dylan P., Hesketh, Kylie D., Vella, S. A., Hinkley, T., Tsiros, Margarita D., Ridgers, Nicola D., Carver, Alison, Veitch, Jenny, Parrish, A.-M., Hardy, L. L., Plotnikoff, Ron C., Okely, A. D., Salmon, Jo and Lubans, David R.. (2016). Objectively measured sedentary behaviour and health and development in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. 17(4), pp. 330 - 344. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12371
Objectively measured sedentary behaviour and health and development in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis
Cliff, Dylan, Hesketh, Kylie, Vella, S. A., Hinkley, T., Tsiros, Margarita D., Ridgers, Nicola D., Carver, Alison, Veitch, Jenny, Parrish, A. M., Hardy, L. L., Plotnikoff, Ron C., Okely, A. D., Salmon, Jo and Lubans, David. (2016). Objectively measured sedentary behaviour and health and development in children and adolescents: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Obesity Reviews. 17(4), pp. 330 - 344. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12371
Discussion of "How To Have Sustainable Transportation Without Making People Drive Less Or Give Up Suburban Living" by Mark Delucchi and Kenneth S. Kurani
Giles-Corti, Billie, Sugiyama, Takemi, Badland, Hannah, Koohsari, Javad and Owen, Neville. (2016). Discussion of "How To Have Sustainable Transportation Without Making People Drive Less Or Give Up Suburban Living" by Mark Delucchi and Kenneth S. Kurani. Journal of Urban Planning and Development. 140(2), pp. 1 - 3. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000172
Australian children's independent mobility levels: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data between 1991 and 2012
Schoeppe, Stephanie, Tranter, Paul, Duncan, Mitch J., Curtis, Carey, Carver, Alison and Malone, Karen. (2016). Australian children's independent mobility levels: Secondary analyses of cross-sectional data between 1991 and 2012. Children's Geographies. 14(4), pp. 408 - 421. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2015.1082083
Pyschosocial factors associated with children's cycling for transport: A cross-sectional moderation study
Ghekiere, Ariane, Van Cauwenberg, Jelle, Carver, Alison, Mertens, Lieze, de Geus, Bas, Clarys, Peter, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Deforche, Benedicte. (2016). Pyschosocial factors associated with children's cycling for transport: A cross-sectional moderation study. Preventive Medicine. 86, pp. 141 - 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.03.001
Walkability and walking for transport: Characterizing the built environment using space syntax
Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Owen, Neville, Cerin, Ester, Giles-Corti, Billie and Sugiyama, Takemi. (2016). Walkability and walking for transport: Characterizing the built environment using space syntax. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 13(121), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0448-9
Does parental accompaniment when walking or cycling moderate the association between physical neighbourhood environment and active transport among 10-12 year olds?
Ghekiere, Ariane, Carver, Alison, Veitch, Jenny, Salmon, Jo, Deforche, Benedicte and Timperio, Anna. (2016). Does parental accompaniment when walking or cycling moderate the association between physical neighbourhood environment and active transport among 10-12 year olds? Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 19(2), pp. 149 - 153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2015.01.003
Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours
Ball, Kylie, Carver, Alison, Downing, Katherine, Jackson, Michelle and O'Rourke, Kerryn. (2015). Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Health Promotion International. 30(S2), pp. ii8 - ii19. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dav022
Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours
Ball, Kylie, Carver, Alison, Downing, Katherine, Jackson, Michelle and O'Rourke, Kerryn. (2015). Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours. Health Promotion International. 30, pp. ii8 - ii19. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dav022
Public open space, physical activity, urban design and public health: Concepts, methods and research agenda
Koohsari, Mohammad, Mavoa, Suzanne, Villanueva, Karen, Sugiyama, Takemi, Badland, Hannah, Kaczynski, Andrew, Owen, Neville and Giles-Corti, Billie. (2015). Public open space, physical activity, urban design and public health: Concepts, methods and research agenda. Health and Place. 33, pp. 75 - 82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2015.02.009
Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: Review and research agenda
Koohsari, Mohammad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Sahlqvist, Shannon, Mavoa, Suzanne, Hadgraft, Nyssa and Owen, Neville. (2015). Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: Review and research agenda. Preventive Medicine. 77, pp. 141 - 149. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027
Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' maintenance of regular walking
Sugiyama, Takemi, Shibata, Ai, Koohsari, Mohammad, Tanamas, Stephanie, Oka, Koichiro, Salmon, Jo, Dunstan, David and Owen, Neville. (2015). Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' maintenance of regular walking. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 47(6), pp. 1204 - 1210. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000528
How active are people in metropolitan parks? An observational study of park visitation in Australia
Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Abbott, Gavin, Giles-Corti, Billie, Timperio, Anna and Salmon, Jo. (2015). How active are people in metropolitan parks? An observational study of park visitation in Australia. BMC Public Health. 15(610), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6
Mismatch between perceived and objectively measured land use mix and street connectivity: Associations with neighborhood walking
Koohsari, Mohammad, Badland, Hannah, Sugiyama, Takemi, Mavoa, Suzanne, Christian, Hayley and Giles-Corti, Billie. (2015). Mismatch between perceived and objectively measured land use mix and street connectivity: Associations with neighborhood walking. Journal of Urban Health. 92(2), pp. 242 - 252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9928-x
Bicycles gathering dust rather than raising dust - Prevalence and predictors of cycling among Australian schoolchildren
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F. and Crawford, David A.. (2015). Bicycles gathering dust rather than raising dust - Prevalence and predictors of cycling among Australian schoolchildren. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 18(5), pp. 540 - 544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.004
Safety in numbers: Does perceived safety mediate associations between the neighborhood social environment and physical activity among women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods?
Timperio, Anna, Veitch, Jenny and Carver, Alison. (2015). Safety in numbers: Does perceived safety mediate associations between the neighborhood social environment and physical activity among women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods? Preventive Medicine. 74, pp. 49 - 54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.02.012
Safety in numbers: Does perceived safety mediate associations between the neighborhood social environment and physical activity among women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods?
Timperio, Anna, Veitch, Jenny and Carver, Alison. (2015). Safety in numbers: Does perceived safety mediate associations between the neighborhood social environment and physical activity among women living in disadvantaged neighborhoods? Preventive Medicine. 74, pp. 49 - 54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.02.012
How active are people in metropolitan parks? An observational study of park visitation in Australia
Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Abbott, Gavin, Giles-Corti, Billie, Timperio, Anna and Salmon, Jo. (2015). How active are people in metropolitan parks? An observational study of park visitation in Australia. BMC Public Health. 15(610), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-1960-6
Bicycles gathering dust rather than raising dust - Prevalence and predictors of cycling among Australian schoolchildren
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F. and Crawford, David A.. (2015). Bicycles gathering dust rather than raising dust - Prevalence and predictors of cycling among Australian schoolchildren. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 18(5), pp. 540 - 544. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.07.004
Exploring associations between parental and peer variables, personal variables and physical activity among adolescents: A mediation analysis
Verloigne, Maïté, Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Salmon, Jo, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Timperio, Anna. (2014). Exploring associations between parental and peer variables, personal variables and physical activity among adolescents: A mediation analysis. BMC Public Health. 14(966), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-966
Association of street connectivity and road traffic speed with park usage and park-based physical activity
Kaczynski, Andrew T., Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Wilhelm Stanis, Sonja A., Bergstrom, Ryan and Sugiyama, Takemi. (2014). Association of street connectivity and road traffic speed with park usage and park-based physical activity. American Journal of Health Promotion. 28(3), pp. 197 - 203. https://doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.120711-QUAN-339
Are independent mobility and territorial range associated with park visitation among youth?
Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Hume, Clare, Crawford, David, Timperio, Anna, Ball, Kylie and Salmon, Jo. (2014). Are independent mobility and territorial range associated with park visitation among youth? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 11(1), pp. 1 - 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-11-73
Street connectivity and walking for transport: Role of neighborhood destinations
Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Lamb, Karen Elaine, Villanueva, Karen and Owen, Neville. (2014). Street connectivity and walking for transport: Role of neighborhood destinations. Preventive Medicine. 66, pp. 118 - 122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.06.019
Independent mobility on the journey to school: A joint cross-sectional and prospective exploration of social and physical environmental influences
Carver, Alison, Panter, Jenna R., Jones, Andrew P. and Van Sluijs, Esther. (2014). Independent mobility on the journey to school: A joint cross-sectional and prospective exploration of social and physical environmental influences. Journal of Transport and Health. 1(1), pp. 25 - 32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2013.12.003
Exploring associations between parental and peer variables, personal variables and physical activity among adolescents: A mediation analysis
Verloigne, Maïté, Veitch, Jenny, Carver, Alison, Salmon, Jo, Cardon, Greet, De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse and Timperio, Anna. (2014). Exploring associations between parental and peer variables, personal variables and physical activity among adolescents: A mediation analysis. BMC Public Health. 14(1), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-966
Using space syntax to assess the built environment for physical activity: Applications to research on parks and public open spaces
Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Kaczynski, Andrew T., Mcormack, Gavin R. and Sugiyama, Takemi. (2014). Using space syntax to assess the built environment for physical activity: Applications to research on parks and public open spaces. Leisure Sciences. 36(2), pp. 206 - 216. https://doi.org/10.1080/01490400.2013.856722
Active transport, independent mobility and territorial range among children residing in disadvantaged areas
Carver, Alison, Veitch, Jenny, Sahlqvist, Shannon, Crawford, David and Hume, Clare. (2014). Active transport, independent mobility and territorial range among children residing in disadvantaged areas. Journal of Transport and Health. 1(4), pp. 267 - 273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2014.01.004
Associations of leisure-time sitting in cars with neighborhood walkability
Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Kaczynski, Andrew T. and Owen, Neville. (2014). Associations of leisure-time sitting in cars with neighborhood walkability. Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 11(6), pp. 1129 - 1132. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.2012-0385
A natural experiment to examine the impact of park renewal on park-use and park-based physical activity in a disadvantaged neighbourhood: The REVAMP study methods
Veitch, Jenny, Salmon, Jo, Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna, Crawford, David, Fletcher, Elly and Giles-Corti, Billie. (2014). A natural experiment to examine the impact of park renewal on park-use and park-based physical activity in a disadvantaged neighbourhood: The REVAMP study methods. BMC Public Health. 14(600), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-600
Effective recruitment and retention strategies in community health programs
McCann, Jennifer, Ridgers, Nicola D., Carver, Alison, Thornton, Lukar E. and Teychenne, Megan. (2013). Effective recruitment and retention strategies in community health programs. Health Promotion Journal of Australia. 24(2), pp. 104 - 110. https://doi.org/10.1071/HE13042
Parental chauffeurs: What drives their transport choice?
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna and Crawford, David. (2013). Parental chauffeurs: What drives their transport choice? Journal of Transport Geography. 26, pp. 72 - 77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.08.017
People living in hilly residential areas in metropolitan Perth have less diabetes: Spurious association or important environmental determinant?
Villanueva, Karen, Knuiman, Matthew, Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Hickey, Sharyn, Foster, Sarah, Badland, Hannah, Nathan, Andrea Grace, Bull, Fiona and Giles-Corti, Billie. (2013). People living in hilly residential areas in metropolitan Perth have less diabetes: Spurious association or important environmental determinant? International Journal of Health Geographics. 12(59), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-12-59
A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia
Carver, Alison, Watson, Ben, Shaw, Ben and Hillman, Mayer. (2013). A comparison study of children's independent mobility in England and Australia. Children's Geographies. 11(4), pp. 461 - 475. https://doi.org/10.1080/14733285.2013.812303
Maternal Misconceptions of Weight Status among Nepean Adolescents
Shrewsbury, Vanessa A., Garnett, S. P., Campbell, Karen, Carver, Alison, Torvaldsen, Siranda, Steinbeck, Katharine S., Cowell, Chris T. and Baur, Louise A.. (2012). Maternal Misconceptions of Weight Status among Nepean Adolescents. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 112(12), pp. 2007 - 2013. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2012.08.024
How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood?
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna, Hesketh, Kylie and Crawford, David. (2012). How does perceived risk mediate associations between perceived safety and parental restriction of adolescents' physical activity in their neighborhood? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 9(1), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-57
Young and free? A study of independent mobility among urban and rural dwelling Australian children
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F. and Crawford, David A.. (2012). Young and free? A study of independent mobility among urban and rural dwelling Australian children. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 15(6), pp. 505 - 510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2012.03.005
How is active transport associated with children's and adolescents' physical activity over time?
Carver, Alison, Timperio, Anna F., Hesketh, Kylie D., Ridgers, Nicola D., Salmon, Jo L. and Crawford, David A.. (2011). How is active transport associated with children's and adolescents' physical activity over time? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 8(126), p. 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-126