The sleep of elite athletes at sea level and high altitude : A comparison of sea-level natives and high-altitude natives (ISA3600)
Roach, Gregory D., Schmidt, Walter F., Aughey, Robert J., Bourdon, Pitre C., Soria, Rudy, Claros, Jesus C. Jimenez, Garvican-Lewis, Laura A., Buchheit, Martin, Simpson, Ben M., Hammond, Kristal, Kley, Marlen, Wachsmuth, Nadine, Gore, Christopher J. and Sargent, Charli. (2013). The sleep of elite athletes at sea level and high altitude : A comparison of sea-level natives and high-altitude natives (ISA3600). British Journal of Sports Medicine. 47(Suppl 1), p. i114. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092843
|Authors||Roach, Gregory D., Schmidt, Walter F., Aughey, Robert J., Bourdon, Pitre C., Soria, Rudy, Claros, Jesus C. Jimenez, Garvican-Lewis, Laura A., Buchheit, Martin, Simpson, Ben M., Hammond, Kristal, Kley, Marlen, Wachsmuth, Nadine, Gore, Christopher J. and Sargent, Charli|
Background: Altitude exposure causes acute sleep disruption in non-athletes, but little is known about its effects in elite athletes. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of altitude on two groups of elite athletes, that is, sea-level natives and high-altitude natives.
Methods: Sea-level natives were members of the Australian under-17 soccer team (n=14). High-altitude natives were members of a Bolivian under-20 club team (n=12). Teams participated in an 18-day (19 nights) training camp in Bolivia, with 6 nights at near sea level in Santa Cruz (430 m) and 13 nights at high altitude in La Paz (3600 m). Sleep was assessed on every day/night using activity monitors.
Results: The Australians’ sleep was shorter, and of poorer quality, on the first night at altitude compared with sea level. Sleep quality returned to normal by the end of the first week at altitude, but sleep quantity had still not stabilised at its normal level after 2 weeks. The quantity and quality of sleep obtained by the Bolivians was similar, or greater, on all nights at altitude compared with sea level. The Australians tended to obtain more sleep than the Bolivians at sea level and altitude, but the quality of the Bolivians’ sleep tended to be better than that of the Australians at altitude.
Conclusions: Exposure to high altitude causes acute and chronic disruption to the sleep of elite athletes who are sea-level natives, but it does not affect the sleep of elite athletes who are high-altitude natives.
|Journal||British Journal of Sports Medicine|
|Journal citation||47 (Suppl 1), p. i114|
|Publisher||BMJ Publishing Group Limited|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2013-092843|
|Open access||Published as ‘gold’ (paid) open access|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
|Funder||Australian Research Council (ARC)|
File Access Level
|26 Nov 2013|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||03 Sep 2013|
|Deposited||10 May 2021|
|ARC Funded Research||This output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001|
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