Young adults' knowledge and attitudes towards cardiovascular disease : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Trejo, Ronald, Cross, Wendy, Stephenson, John and Edward, Karen-leigh. (2018). Young adults' knowledge and attitudes towards cardiovascular disease : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 27(23-24), pp. 4245-4256. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14517
AuthorsTrejo, Ronald, Cross, Wendy, Stephenson, John and Edward, Karen-leigh
Abstract

Aims and objectives
To explore young adults' knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors.

Background
Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known.

Design
A systematic review with meta‐analysis was used.

Methods
The databases of CINHAL, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO and Psycarticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016. Search terms included cardiovascular disease, young adult, attitude and knowledge. Papers were included if they were published in English and reported quantitative research with a study population between the ages of 18–34 years, with a focus on knowledge and attitudes to cardiovascular disease. Meta‐analyses were conducted to assess the extent of knowledge of risk factors on heart disease.

Results
Nine risk factors for cardiovascular disease were identified by the respondents; smoking (synthesised estimate of 55% of respondents identifying as a risk factor, 95% confidence interval of synthesised estimate 45%–65%); obesity (27%, 95% CI, 26%–29%); high blood cholesterol (33%, 95% CI, 12%–54%); high blood pressure (25%, 95% CI, 18%–32%); genetic factors (26%, 95% CI, 23%–29%); physical inactivity (39%, 95% CI, 30%–47%); stress (49%, 95% CI, 48%–51%); advancing age (10%, 95% CI, 8%–12%) and diet (55%, 95% CI, 54%–56%).

Conclusion
Young adults demonstrate limited knowledge and poor attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. The finding of this review demonstrates that there is an urgent need to build knowledge of cardiovascular risk identification in this population group.

Relevance to clinical practice
Increasing cardiovascular disease in young adults will put stress in the healthcare system financially and economically. There is a need of awareness of cardiovascular disease in this population group.

Keywordsattitude; cardiovascular disease; knowledge; risk factors; young adults
Year2018
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Journal citation27 (23-24), pp. 4245-4256
PublisherWiley
ISSN0962-1067
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.14517
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85056087772
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range4245-4256
Author's accepted manuscript
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Jul 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted07 May 2018
Deposited13 May 2021
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8w0w7/young-adults-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis

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File access level: Open

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Referral of individuals with cardiovascular disease to secondary prevention programmes
Trejo, Ronald, Edward, Karen-Leigh and Cross, Wendy. (2018). Referral of individuals with cardiovascular disease to secondary prevention programmes. British Journal of Nursing. 27(6), pp. 314 - 320. https://doi.org/10.12968/bjon.2018.27.6.314