Changes in subjective mental and physical fatigue during netball games in elite development athletes

Journal article


Russell, Suzanna, Jenkins, David, Halson, Shona and Kelly, Vincent. (2020). Changes in subjective mental and physical fatigue during netball games in elite development athletes. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 23(6), pp. 615-620. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.12.017
AuthorsRussell, Suzanna, Jenkins, David, Halson, Shona and Kelly, Vincent
Abstract

Objectives
To assess the magnitude of changes in, and relationships between, physical and mental fatigue pre-to-post match in elite development netballers.

Design
Observational.

Methods
Twelve female netballers (21.3 ± 2.9 years) competing in the Australian Netball League reported perceptual measures of mental and physical fatigue pre- and post-match on 12 separate competition occasions. Minutes played, to allow for calculation of weighted changes (ratings proportional to playing time), positional groups and performance analysis variables were also assessed.

Results
Post-match ratings were higher (p < 0.01) than pre-match for both mental (pre: 31.02 ± 19.28; post: 44.73 ± 24.47) and physical fatigue (pre: 28.86 ± 15.37; post: 47.21 ± 24.67). The correlation coefficient between change in mental and physical fatigue (r = 0.37, p < 0.01) revealed a shared variance of 13.9%. Acute changes in mental fatigue were related to minutes played (r = 0.32, p < 0.01) as was change in physical fatigue (r = 0.59, p < 0.01). No differences in change in mental fatigue were found between positional groups (p = 0.07) though change in physical fatigue was higher for shooters compared to defenders (p < 0.05). Performance variables revealed no relationships with mental or physical fatigue, with the exception of turnover number with both post-match weighted physical (r= -0.23, p < 0.01) and weighted-change in physical fatigue (r = −0.16, p < 0.05).

Conclusions
Mental and physical fatigue were found to increase across netball matches in elite development athletes. Mental fatigue emerged as a largely separate construct to physical fatigue.

Keywordscognition; mental processes; sports performance; cognitive fatigue; mental capacity; perception
Year2020
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal citation23 (6), pp. 615-620
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN1440-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.12.017
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85076981003
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range615-620
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online23 Dec 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted17 Dec 2019
Deposited19 May 2021
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Halson, Shona. (2014). Monitoring training load to understand fatigue in athletes. Sports Medicine. 44(Suppl 2), pp. 139 - 147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0253-z
Does hydrotherapy help or hinder adaptation to training in competitive cyclists?
Halson, Shona, Bartram, Jason C., West, Nicholas P., Stephens, Jessica M., Argus, Christos K., Driller, Matthew W., Sargent, Charli, Lastella, Michelle, Hopkins, Will G. and Martin, David T.. (2014). Does hydrotherapy help or hinder adaptation to training in competitive cyclists? Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 46(8), pp. 1631 - 1639. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000268
Applied sport science of Rugby League
Johnston, Rich, Gabbett, Tim J. and Jenkins, David. (2014). Applied sport science of Rugby League. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. 44(8), pp. 1087 - 1100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0190-x
Sleep or swim? Early-morning training severely restricts the amount of sleep obtained by elite swimmers
Sargent, Charli, Halson, Shona and Roach, Gregory D.. (2014). Sleep or swim? Early-morning training severely restricts the amount of sleep obtained by elite swimmers. European Journal of Sport Science. 14(Supplement 1), pp. 310 - 315. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2012.696711
Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep
Halson, Shona. (2014). Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep. Sports Medicine. 44(Supplement 1), pp. 13 - 23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0147-0
Influence of Physical Contact on Pacing Strategies During Game-Based Activities
Johnston, Rich, Gabbett, Tim, Seibold, Anthony and Jenkins, David. (2014). Influence of Physical Contact on Pacing Strategies During Game-Based Activities. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(5), pp. 811 - 816. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.2013-0424
Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study
Robey, Elisa, Dawson, Brian, Halson, Shona, Gregson, Warren, Goodman, Carmel and Eastwood, Peter R.. (2014). Sleep quantity and quality in elite youth soccer players: A pilot study. European Journal of Sport Science. 14(5), pp. 410 - 417. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2013.843024
Evaluating the Kikuhime pressure monitor for use with sports compression clothing
Brophy-Williams, Ned, Driller, Matthew, Halson, Shona, Fell, James W. and Shing, C.. (2014). Evaluating the Kikuhime pressure monitor for use with sports compression clothing. Sports Engineering. 17(1), pp. 55 - 60. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12283-013-0125-z
Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists
Hoon, Matthew, Hopkins, William, Jones, Andrew, Martin, David, Halson, Shona, West, Nicholas, Johnson, Nathan and Burke, Louise. (2014). Nitrate supplementation and high-intensity performance in competitive cyclists. Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism. 39(9), pp. 1043 - 1049. https://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2013-0574
Influence of physical contact on neuromuscular fatigue and markers of muscle damage following small-sided games
Johnston, Rich D., Gabbett, Tim J., Seibold, Anthony and Jenkins, David. (2014). Influence of physical contact on neuromuscular fatigue and markers of muscle damage following small-sided games. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 17(5), pp. 535 - 540. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.07.018
Dairy-Based Preexercise Meal Does Not Affect Gut Comfort or Time-Trial Performance in Female Cyclists
Haakonssen, Eric, Ross, Megan, Cato, Louise, Nana, Alisa, Knight, Emma, Jenkins, David, Martin, David and Burke, Louise. (2014). Dairy-Based Preexercise Meal Does Not Affect Gut Comfort or Time-Trial Performance in Female Cyclists. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 24(5), pp. 553 - 558. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijsnem.2014-0069
Reliability of a 2-bout exercise test on a wattbike cycle ergometer
Driller, Matthew W., Argus, Christos K., Bartram, Jason C., Bonaventura, Jacinta, Martin, David T., West, Nicholas P. and Halson, Shona. (2014). Reliability of a 2-bout exercise test on a wattbike cycle ergometer. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. 9(2), pp. 340 - 345. https://doi.org/10.1123/IJSPP.2013-0103
Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study
Haakonssen, Eric, Martin, David, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013). Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.6.699
Reliability and sensitivity of a repeated high-intensity exercise performance test for rugby league and rugby union
Austin, Damien, Gabbett, Timothy and Jenkins, David. (2013). Reliability and sensitivity of a repeated high-intensity exercise performance test for rugby league and rugby union. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31825fe941
Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates
Haakonssen, E, Martin, D, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013). Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828e18e6
Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study
Haakonssen, Eric, Martin, David, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013). Increased lean mass with reduced fat mass in an elite female cyclist returning to competition : Case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. https://doi.org/10.1123/ijspp.8.6.699
Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates
Haakonssen, E, Martin, D, Burke, Louise and Jenkins, David. (2013). Energy expenditure of constant- and variable-intensity cycling : Power meter estimates. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e31828e18e6
Influence of an intensified competition on fatigue and match performance in junior rugby league players
Johnston, Richard, Gabbett, Timothy and Jenkins, David. (2013). Influence of an intensified competition on fatigue and match performance in junior rugby league players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2012.10.009
Influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games
Gabbett, Timothy, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2012). Influence of wrestling on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(1), pp. 113 - 120. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31821d97f4
Skill qualities as risk factors for contact injury in professional rugby league players
Gabbett, Timothy, Ullah, Shahid, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2012). Skill qualities as risk factors for contact injury in professional rugby league players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 30(13), pp. 1421 - 1427. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.710760
Physical demands of professional rugby league training and competition using microtechnology
Gabbett, Tim, Jenkins, David G. and Abernethy, Bruce. (2012). Physical demands of professional rugby league training and competition using microtechnology. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 15(1), pp. 86 - 86. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.07.004
Influence of field size on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games in junior and senior rugby league players
Gabbett, Tim, Abernethy, Bruce and Jenkins, David G.. (2012). Influence of field size on the physiological and skill demands of small-sided games in junior and senior rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 26(2), pp. 487 - 491. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318225a371
Physical collisions and injury in professional rugby league match-play
Gabbett, Tim, Jenkins, David G. and Abernethy, Bruce. (2011). Physical collisions and injury in professional rugby league match-play. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(3), pp. 210 - 215. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.01.002
Relationships between physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities and playing performance in professional rugby league players
Gabbett, Tim, Jenkins, D G. and Abernethy, B.. (2011). Relationships between physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities and playing performance in professional rugby league players. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29(15), pp. 1655 - 1664. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.610346
Correlates of tackling ability in high-performance rugby league players
Gabbett, Tim J., Jenkins, D. G. and Abernethy, B.. (2011). Correlates of tackling ability in high-performance rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(1), pp. 72 - 79. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ff506f
Tackling in a professional rugby league
Austin, Damien J., Gabbett, Tim and Jenkins, David G.. (2011). Tackling in a professional rugby league. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 25(6), pp. 1659 - 1663. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181da781c
Relationship between training load and injury in professional rugby league players
Gabbett, Tim and Jenkins, David G.. (2011). Relationship between training load and injury in professional rugby league players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(3), pp. 204 - 209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2010.12.002
Relative importance of physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities to team selection in professional rugby league
Gabbett, Tim, Jenkins, David G. and Abernethy, Bruce. (2011). Relative importance of physiological, anthropometric, and skill qualities to team selection in professional rugby league. Journal of Sports Sciences. 29(13), pp. 1453 - 1461. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2011.603348
The physical demands of Super 14 rugby union
Austin, Damien, Gabbett, Timothy James and Jenkins, David. (2011). The physical demands of Super 14 rugby union. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 14(3), pp. 259 - 263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.01.003
Physiological and skill demands of 'on-side' and 'off-side' games
Gabbett, Timothy James, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2010). Physiological and skill demands of 'on-side' and 'off-side' games. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(1), pp. 2979 - 2983. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e72731
Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training
Gabbett, Timothy James, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 13(6), pp. 578 - 583. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2010.03.007
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling
Cox, Geoffrey, Clark, Sally, Cox, A, Halson, Shona, Hargreaves, M, Hawley, John, Jeacocke, N, Snow, Rod, Yeo, W and Burke, Louise. (2010). Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling. Journal of Applied Physiology. 109(1), pp. 126 - 134. https://doi.org/10.1152/japplphysiol.00950.2009
Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury
Ross, M, Halson, Shona, Suzuki, K, Garnham, A, Hawley, John, Cameron-Smith, David and Peake, J. (2010). Cytokine responses to carbohydrate ingestion during recovery from exercise-induced muscle injury. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research. 30(5), pp. 329 - 337. https://doi.org/10.1089/jir.2009.0079
Training loads and incidence of injury during the pre-season in professional rugby league players
Killen, Natasha, Gabbett, Timothy James and Jenkins, David. (2010). Training loads and incidence of injury during the pre-season in professional rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(8), pp. 2079 - 2084. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181ddafff
Physiological and anthropometric correlates of tackling ability in junior elite and subelite rugby league players
Gabbett, Timothy James, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2010). Physiological and anthropometric correlates of tackling ability in junior elite and subelite rugby league players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(11), pp. 2989 - 2995. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181f00d22
A time-motion analysis of professional rugby league match-play
King, Trish, Jenkins, David G. and Gabbett, Timothy James. (2009). A time-motion analysis of professional rugby league match-play. Journal of Sports Sciences. 27(3), pp. 213 - 219. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640410802538168
Game-based training for improving skill and physical fitness in team sport athletes
Gabbett, Tim, Jenkins, David and Abernethy, Bruce. (2009). Game-based training for improving skill and physical fitness in team sport athletes. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. 4(2), pp. 273 - 283.
Applied physiology of rugby league
Gabbett, Timothy James, King, Trish and Jenkins, David G.. (2008). Applied physiology of rugby league. Sports Medicine: reviews of applied medicine and science in sport and exercise. 38(2), pp. 119 - 138. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200838020-00003
Physical activity of young people in the Torres Strait and Northern Peninsula Region: An exploratory study
Abbott, Rebecca, Jenkins, David, Haswell-Elkins, Melissa, Fell, Karla, MacDonald, Doune and Cerin, Ester. (2008). Physical activity of young people in the Torres Strait and Northern Peninsula Region: An exploratory study. Australian Journal of Rural Health. 16(5), pp. 278 - 282. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1584.2008.00979.x
Physical activity of young children
Ziviani, Jenny, MacDonald, Doune, Jenkins, David, Rodger, Sylvia, Batch, Jenny and Cerin, Ester. (2006). Physical activity of young children. Occupation Participation and Health. 26(1), pp. 4 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1177/153944920602600102
Muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in man: Influence of sprint training
Barnett, C., Carey, M., Proietto, J., Cerin, Ester, Febbraio, M A. and Jenkins, David. (2004). Muscle metabolism during sprint exercise in man: Influence of sprint training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 7(3), pp. 314 - 322. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1440-2440(04)80026-4