Threshold concepts for Australian university outdoor education programs : Findings from a Delphi research study

Journal article


Thomas, Glyn, Grenon, Heather, Morse, Marcus, Allen-Craig, Sandy, Mangelsdorf, Anthony and Polley, Scott. (2019) Threshold concepts for Australian university outdoor education programs : Findings from a Delphi research study. Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education. 22, pp. 169-186. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42322-019-00039-1
AuthorsThomas, Glyn, Grenon, Heather, Morse, Marcus, Allen-Craig, Sandy, Mangelsdorf, Anthony and Polley, Scott
Abstract

In Australia, when a person wants to work in the outdoor education or recreation field, they can follow a number of different pathways to gain the required knowledge, skills and experience. Typically, this involves the completion of a formal program with either a training organisation or a university, depending on the qualification sought. Programs delivered by training organisations typically use a national training package to define the specific competencies (knowledge and skills) and the curriculum and outcomes of these programs are clearly defined, and qualifications are usually transferable around the country. Outdoor education programs delivered by universities in Australia, however, have no such clarity. This paper describes a research study that used the Delphi research method to consult with academics working in university outdoor education programs across Australia. The research set out to establish a set of threshold concepts that articulate what a student who completes at least a major in outdoor education knows and is able to do. Over two rounds of consultation the six authors of this paper formed the Delphi facilitation team, which solicited input and feedback from an expert panel. Nineteen different university academics participated in the research and produced seven threshold concepts, which are shared in this paper to encourage discussion and invite feedback from a wider range of stakeholders. More research is required to ascertain the efficacy of these threshold concepts in describing what graduates of university outdoor education programs know and can do.

Keywordsthreshold concepts; outdoor education pathways; outdoor leadership training; delphi research
Year2019
JournalJournal of Outdoor and Environmental Education
Journal citation22, pp. 169-186
PublisherSpringer
ISSN2522-879X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s42322-019-00039-1
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85071018456
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range169-186
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Publication process dates
Deposited07 Jun 2021
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8w35y/threshold-concepts-for-australian-university-outdoor-education-programs-findings-from-a-delphi-research-study

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 2
    total views
  • 0
    total downloads
  • 2
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

The invisibility cloak : Women’s contributions to outdoor and environmental education 
Mitten, Denise, Gray, Tonia, Allen-Craig, Sandy, Loeffler, T. A. and Carpenter, Cathryn. (2018) The invisibility cloak : Women’s contributions to outdoor and environmental education . The Journal of Environmental Education. 49(4), pp. 318-327. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958964.2017.1366890
Defining moments : An examination of the gender divide in women’s contribution to outdoor education
Gray, Tonia, Mitten, Denise, Loeffler, T. A., Allen-Craig, Sandy and Carpenter, Cathryn. (2017) Defining moments : An examination of the gender divide in women’s contribution to outdoor education. Research in Outdoor Education. 15(1), pp. 47-71. https://doi.org/10.1353/roe.2017.0003
The education of coaches for the development of peoples
Allen-Craig, Sandra. (2016) The education of coaches for the development of peoples. Coaches : Educating people : International seminar. Rome 14 - 15 May 2015 Pontificium Consilium pro Laicis, Liberia Editrice Vaticana. pp. 129-134
A wilderness based therapeutic intervention at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Ronalds, Lisa. (2015) A wilderness based therapeutic intervention at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection. In In C. L. Norton, C. Carpenter and A. Pryor (Ed.). Adventure therapy around the globe: International perspectives and diverse approaches pp. 90 - 109 Common Ground Publishing.
A simulated wilderness exercise: The development of relational competence in paramedic students
Ford, Rosemary, Webb, Helen Lesley, Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan, Goodwin, Valerie Ann, D'Antonio, Jenny and Lofts, Charmane. (2014) A simulated wilderness exercise: The development of relational competence in paramedic students. Journal of Paramedic Practice. 6(11), pp. 574 - 583. https://doi.org/10.12968/jpar.2014.6.11.574
Digger’s Trail Wilderness Exercise (DWTE): A work-integrated experience for paramedic students
Webb, Helen Lesley, Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan, Ford, Rosemary, Williams, Paula Elizabeth and Goodwin, Valerie Ann. (2014) Digger’s Trail Wilderness Exercise (DWTE): A work-integrated experience for paramedic students. In K. Moore (Ed.). 2014 ACEN National Conference. Australia: Australian Collaborative Education Network (ACEN) Limited. pp. 16 - 20
Exploring the long-term effects for young women involved in an outdoor education program
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Hartley, Claire. (2012) Exploring the long-term effects for young women involved in an outdoor education program. In A J Bobilya and R A Poff (Ed.). Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. Special Issue: 2011 AORE and 2012 OLRS Research Symposium Abstracts. United States of America: Western Kentucky University. pp. 88 - 91
Exploring the long-term effects for young women involved in an outdoor education program
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Hartley, Claire. (2012) Exploring the long-term effects for young women involved in an outdoor education program. In A J Bobilya and R A Poff (Ed.). Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership. Special Issue: 2011 AORE and 2012 OLRS Research Symposium Abstracts. United States: Western Kentucky University. pp. 88 - 91
A wilderness-based therapeutic intervention for young people at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Ronalds, Lisa. (2012) A wilderness-based therapeutic intervention for young people at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection. In A Pryor, C Carpenter and C L Norton & J Kirchner (Ed.). Fifth International Adventure Therapy Conference 2009. Australia: European Science and Art Publishing. pp. 79 - 90
A wilderness-based therapeutic intervention for young people at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Ronalds, Lisa. (2012) A wilderness-based therapeutic intervention for young people at risk of homelessness and educational disconnection. In A Pryor, C Carpenter and C L Norton & J Kirchner (Ed.). Fifth International Adventure Therapy Conference 2009. Australia: European Science and Art Publishing. pp. 79 - 90
Do outdoor education programs enable students to develop a relationship to the natural world?
Allen-Craig, Sandra. (2010) Do outdoor education programs enable students to develop a relationship to the natural world? The Victorian Outdoors Conference. Outdoors Victoria.
The enhancement of resilience via a wilderness therapy program: A preliminary investigation
Gillespie, Edward and Allen-Craig, Sandra. (2009) The enhancement of resilience via a wilderness therapy program: A preliminary investigation. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education. 13(1), pp. 39 - 49.
Personal development as a contribution to professional development :activity based learning, graduate attributes and student learning outcomes
Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan, Maschette, Wayne Edward and Saunders, John E.. (2008) Personal development as a contribution to professional development :activity based learning, graduate attributes and student learning outcomes. In T. Rossi, P. Hay and L. McCuaig (Ed.). Sport Pedagogy Research, Policy and Practice: International Perspectives in Physical Education and Coaching. Proceedings of the 2008 AIESEP World Congress, Sapporo, Japan.. Brisbane, Australia: University of Queensland Press.
Preventing family and educational disconnection through wilderness-based therapy targeting youth at risk
Ronalds, Lisa and Allen-Craig, Sandra. (2008) Preventing family and educational disconnection through wilderness-based therapy targeting youth at risk. A C H P E R Australia Healthy Lifestyles Journal (print version). 55(4), pp. 5 - 14.
What outcomes are we trying to achieve in our outdoor education programs?
McCleod, Beth and Allen-Craig, Sandra. (2007) What outcomes are we trying to achieve in our outdoor education programs? Australian Journal of Outdoor Education. 11(2), pp. 41 - 49.
Can outdoor educators make a difference? The effect of outdoor educators on achieving program outcomes
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Miller, Jacqueline. (2007) Can outdoor educators make a difference? The effect of outdoor educators on achieving program outcomes. A C H P E R Australia Healthy Lifestyles Journal (print version). 54(2), pp. 5 - 12.
The Outdoor Educators Effect on Achieving Program Outcomes :A cross-section of Australian Schools
Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan and Miller, Jacqueline. (2006) The Outdoor Educators Effect on Achieving Program Outcomes :A cross-section of Australian Schools. In Fiona Stoddart (Ed.). Preston, Lancashire,England: Division of Outdoor Education, University of Central Lancashire. pp. 1 - 30
What outcomes are we trying to achieve in outdoor programs? An examination of outdoor education and experiential education programs effect on life effectiveness skills
Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan and Mcleod, Beth. (2005) What outcomes are we trying to achieve in outdoor programs? An examination of outdoor education and experiential education programs effect on life effectiveness skills. The 14th National Outdoor Education Conference: The Challenges We Face. Gold Coast, Australia: Outdoor Council of Australia. pp. 1 - 17
An Evaluation of Experiential Learning and Outdoor Education school programs on the life effectiveness skills of middle school boys
Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan and McCleod, Beth. (2004) An Evaluation of Experiential Learning and Outdoor Education school programs on the life effectiveness skills of middle school boys. In Andrew Brooks and Dr. Peter Martin (Chair) (Ed.). International Outdoor Education Research Conference Proceedings. Bendigo, Australia: La Trobe University. pp. 1 - 14
Insurance: Risk management development and new initiatives in the outdoor profession
Allen-Craig, Sandra Joan. (2003) Insurance: Risk management development and new initiatives in the outdoor profession. Relevance: Making it Happen. 13th AOEC National Outdoor Education Conference. Adelaide, Australia: Outdoor Educators Association of South Australia. pp. 26 - 35
Wages & conditions for the Victorian outdoor profession
Allen-Craig, Sandra and Moonen, Bettina. (2002) Wages & conditions for the Victorian outdoor profession. Australian Journal of Outdoor Education. 6(2), pp. 37 - 43.