Neurological soft signs and post-traumatic stress disorder : A biomarker of severity?
Belrose, Célia, Duffaud, Anais, Rakotoarison, Elsa, Faget, Catherine, Raynaud, Philippe, Dutheil, Frédéric, Boyer, Léa, Billaud, Jean-Baptiste and Trousselard, Marion. (2020). Neurological soft signs and post-traumatic stress disorder : A biomarker of severity? Frontiers in Psychiatry. 11, p. 533662. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.533662
|Authors||Belrose, Célia, Duffaud, Anais, Rakotoarison, Elsa, Faget, Catherine, Raynaud, Philippe, Dutheil, Frédéric, Boyer, Léa, Billaud, Jean-Baptiste and Trousselard, Marion|
Background: The psychophysiological changes for individual suffering from chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) raise to the questions of how facilitate recovery and return to work. Negative alterations in neuro-cognition remain a complaint for patients and participate to long-term functional impairments. Neurological soft signs (NSSs) appear as a candidate for better understanding these complaints. They have been reported in several mental disorders. They are found in several behavioral and/or neurocognitive disorders and are taken into account by psychiatric rehabilitation programs to support recovery. As few studies evaluate NSSs in PTSD, our exploratory study aims to assess NSSs in chronic PTSD and their relationships with PTSD severity.
Method: Twenty-two patients with a clinical diagnosis of chronic PTSD were evaluated in terms of PTSD severity (post-traumatic checklist scale, PCL5), NSSs (NSSs psychomotor skills scale, PASS), and well-being upon arrival to the hospital and compared with 15 healthy subjects. Statistical non-parametric analyses assessed the relationships between these variables.
Results: PTSD subjects exhibited higher NSSs compared with healthy subjects. NSSs were positively associated with PTSD severity, with negative alterations in cognition and mood, and with impairment in well-being. They were higher in women compared with men. No impact of age was found. Three groups were identified based on the severity of the PTSD. Severe PTSD exhibited NSSs characterized by motor integration alterations.
Conclusions: This pilot study suggests that NSSs might be a biomarker of PTSD severity. This proof of concept highlights the need for further research for better evaluating the clinical neuro-functional impairment. This will be helping for defining neurological remediation for promoting PTSD recovery.
|Keywords||recovery; neurological soft signs; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD); cerebellum; gender|
|Journal||Frontiers in Psychiatry|
|Journal citation||11, p. 533662|
|Publisher||Frontiers Media S.A.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2020.533662|
|Open access||Published as ‘gold’ (paid) open access|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
File Access Level
|Online||20 Oct 2020|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||03 Sep 2020|
|Deposited||12 Jul 2021|
|License: CC BY 4.0|
|File access level: Open|
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