Pregnancy-related anxiety, perceived parental self-efficacy and the influence of parity and age

Journal article


Brunton, Robyn, Simpson, Nicole and Dryer, Rachel. (2020). Pregnancy-related anxiety, perceived parental self-efficacy and the influence of parity and age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17(18), pp. 1-17. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186709
AuthorsBrunton, Robyn, Simpson, Nicole and Dryer, Rachel
Abstract

Pregnancy-related anxiety is contextualised by pregnancy and is a health concern for the mother and child. Perceived parental self-efficacy is associated with this anxiety and age and parity are identified as influential factors. This research, therefore, predicted that negative perceptions of parental self-efficacy would predict greater pregnancy-related anxiety, moderated by parity and age. Participants (N = 771) were recruited online and assessed for perceived parental self-efficacy, pregnancy-related anxiety, and demographics. Moderation models showed that the psychosocial and sociodemographic factors combined predicted up to 49% of the variance. Parental self-efficacy predicted anxiety in the areas of body image, worry about themselves, baby concerns, pregnancy acceptance, attitudes towards medical staff and childbirth, and avoidance. Parity predicted pregnancy-related anxiety both overall and in childbirth concerns, worry about self, baby concerns and attitudes towards childbirth. Age predicted baby concerns. There was a significant moderation effect for pregnancy acceptance indicating that primiparous women with low perceptions of parental self-efficacy are less accepting of their pregnancy. Results suggest that parity and parental self-efficacy may be risk factors for first-time mothers for pregnancy-related anxiety.

Keywordspregnancy-related anxiety; maternal attitudes; prenatal attachment; parental expectations; parity; fear of childbirth
Year2020
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Journal citation17 (18), pp. 1-17
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN1661-7827
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17186709
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85090859147
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-17
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online15 Sep 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted11 Sep 2020
Deposited12 Jul 2021
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