Schema in older adults : Does the schema mode model apply?

Journal article


Phillips, Katelyn, Brockman, Robert, Bailey, Phoebe E. and Kneebone, Ian I.. (2020). Schema in older adults : Does the schema mode model apply? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 48(3), pp. 341-349. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000602
AuthorsPhillips, Katelyn, Brockman, Robert, Bailey, Phoebe E. and Kneebone, Ian I.
Abstract

Background:
The relevance of schema theory to psychopathology, in particular personality disorder, in younger adults is established. Investigations into the relevance of schema theory to older adults, however, is highly limited.

Aims:
To consider the relationship of schema modes to psychopathology in older adults and establish whether maladaptive schema modes are associated with unmet needs and that this relationship is mediated by the healthy adult mode of responding in this population.

Method:
One hundred and four older adults were recruited from an established database. Participants completed questionnaires assessing psychopathology, schema modes (YAMI: Young-Atkinson Mode Inventory) and basic psychological needs (BPNS: Basic Psychological Needs Scale – autonomy, competence and relatedness). Ninety-four responses were included after applying exclusion criteria.

Results:
The healthy adult schema mode was found to be associated with reduced psychopathology, and maladaptive child modes (angry and vulnerable child) to increased psychopathology. The healthy adult schema mode mediated the relationship between maladaptive child modes and needs satisfaction.

Conclusions:
As predicted by schema theory, the presence of one of the maladaptive child modes makes it difficult for an older individual to have their needs met, but the presence of healthy adult mode works to support this process.

Keywordsbasic psychological needs; older adults; schema modes; schema theory; schema therapy
Year2020
JournalBehavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
Journal citation48 (3), pp. 341-349
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN1352-4658
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1017/S1352465819000602
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85083892377
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range341-349
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online31 Oct 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted16 Aug 2019
Deposited14 Jul 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/DP130101420
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