Emotion-oriented coping style predicts self-harm in response to acute psychiatric hospitalization

Journal article


Frei, Jacqueline M., Sazhin, Vladimir, Fick, Melissa and Yap, Keong. (2020). Emotion-oriented coping style predicts self-harm in response to acute psychiatric hospitalization. Crisis. 42(3), pp. 232-238. https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000713
AuthorsFrei, Jacqueline M., Sazhin, Vladimir, Fick, Melissa and Yap, Keong
Abstract

Psychiatric hospitalization can cause significant distress for patients. Research has shown that to cope with the stress, patients sometimes resort to self-harm. Given the paucity of research on self-harm among psychiatric inpatients, a better understanding of transdiagnostic processes as predictors of self-harm during psychiatric hospitalization is needed. The current study examined whether coping styles predicted self-harm after controlling for commonly associated factors, such as age, gender, and borderline personality disorder. Participants were 72 patients (mean age = 39.32 years, SD = 12.29, 64% male) admitted for inpatient treatment at a public psychiatric hospital in Sydney, Australia. Participants completed self-report measures of coping styles and ward-specific coping behaviors, including self-harm, in relation to coping with the stress of acute hospitalization. Results showed that younger age, diagnosis of borderline personality disorder, and higher emotion-oriented coping were associated with self-harm. After controlling for age and borderline personality disorder, higher levels of emotion-oriented coping were found to be a significant predictor of self-harm. Findings were partially consistent with hypotheses; emotion-oriented but not avoidance-oriented coping significantly predicted self-harm. This finding may help to identify and provide psychiatric inpatients who are at risk of self-harm with appropriate therapeutic interventions.

Keywordscoping; emotion-oriented coping; emotion regulation; self-harm; psychiatric inpatient
Year2020
JournalCrisis
Journal citation42 (3), pp. 232-238
PublisherHogrefe Publishing GmbH
ISSN0227-5910
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1027/0227-5910/a000713
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85092408709
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range232-238
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Aug 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted06 Apr 2020
Deposited05 Aug 2021
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