Promoting positive development among youth from refugee and migrant backgrounds : The case of Kicking Goals Together

Journal article


Pink, Matthew A., Mahoney, John W. and Saunders, John E.. (2020). Promoting positive development among youth from refugee and migrant backgrounds : The case of Kicking Goals Together. Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 51, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101790
AuthorsPink, Matthew A., Mahoney, John W. and Saunders, John E.
Abstract

Objectives
The purpose of this study was to explore the case of Kicking Goals Together (KGT), a programme that combines a football competition with a life skills education intervention to elicit Positive Youth Development (PYD) outcomes for youth from refugee and migrant backgrounds. The Holt et al. (2017) model of PYD through sport provided the framework for the analysis of the case.

Methods
Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten participants comprising six of the programme’s participants and four stakeholders. A deductive-inductive content analysis was used to explore the individuals’ perceptions and experiences, the PYD outcomes, and the climate and implicit and explicit processes that related to these outcomes.

Findings
The KGT climate supported the making of new friends and meeting new people; provided supportive relationships with adults; while participants described parents as being proud, supportive, but distanced. Personal outcomes related to PYD included increased confidence, improved networking skills, and enhanced employment opportunities. The social outcomes included improved communication, development of intercultural understanding and acceptance, improved teamwork and leadership, and a greater sense of belonging to a wider and more inclusive community.

Conclusion
Analysis of the findings provided support for the analytical generalisation (Smith, 2018) and value of the Holt et al. (2017) model. Specifically, in highlighting how the structure and climate of the KGT initiative supported PYD outcomes. An environment that celebrated cultural diversity, and where youth had access to adults who were “functional advocates” (Whitley, Massey, & Wilkinson, 2018, p. 121) was identified as key to the achievement of these outcomes.

Keywordspositive youth development; sport; refugees; life skills intervention
Year2020
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Journal citation51, pp. 1-12
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN1469-0292
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2020.101790
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85090296046
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-12
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Aug 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Aug 2020
Deposited17 Aug 2021
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