Network-based atrophy modeling in the common epilepsies: A worldwide ENIGMA study

Journal article


Larivière, Sara, Rodríguez-Cruces, Raúl, Royer, Jessica, Caligiuri, Maria Eugenia, Gambardella, Antonio, Concha, Luis, Keller, Simon S., Cendes, Fernando, Yasuda, Clarissa, Bonilha, Leonardo, Gleichgerrcht, Ezequiel, Focke, Niels K., Domin, Martin, von Podewills, Felix, Langner, Soenke, Rummel, Christian, Wiest, Roland, Martin, Pascal, Kotikalapudi, Raviteja, ... Bernhardt, Boris C.. (2020). Network-based atrophy modeling in the common epilepsies: A worldwide ENIGMA study. Science Advances. 6(47), p. eabc6457. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abc6457
AuthorsLarivière, Sara, Rodríguez-Cruces, Raúl, Royer, Jessica, Caligiuri, Maria Eugenia, Gambardella, Antonio, Concha, Luis, Keller, Simon S., Cendes, Fernando, Yasuda, Clarissa, Bonilha, Leonardo, Gleichgerrcht, Ezequiel, Focke, Niels K., Domin, Martin, von Podewills, Felix, Langner, Soenke, Rummel, Christian, Wiest, Roland, Martin, Pascal, Kotikalapudi, Raviteja, O’Brien, Terence J., Sinclair, Benjamin, Vivash, Lucy, Desmond, Patricia M., Alhusaini, Saud, Doherty, Colin P., Doherty, Colin P., Delanty, Norman, Kälviäinen, Reetta, Jackson, Graeme D., Kowalczyk, Magdalena, Mascalchi, Mario, Semmelroch, Mira, Thomas, Rhys H., Soltanian-Zadeh, Hamid, Davoodi-Bojd, Esmaeil, Zhang, Junsong, Lenge, Matteo, Guerrini, Renzo, Bartolini, Emanuele, Hamandi, Khalid, Foley, Sonya, Weber, Bernd, Depondt, Chantal, Absil, Julie, Carr, Sarah J. A., Carr, Sarah J. A., Richardson, Mark P., Devinsky, Orrin, Severino, Mariasavina, Striano, Pasquale, Tortora, Domenico, Hatton, Sean N., Vos, Sjoerd B., Vos, Sjoerd B., Whelan, Christopher D., Thompson, Paul M., Sisodiya, Sanjay M., Bernasconi, Andrea, Labate, Angelo, McDonald, Carrie R., Bernasconi, Neda and Bernhardt, Boris C.
Abstract

Epilepsy is increasingly conceptualized as a network disorder. In this cross-sectional mega-analysis, we integrated neuroimaging and connectome analysis to identify network associations with atrophy patterns in 1021 adults with epilepsy compared to 1564 healthy controls from 19 international sites. In temporal lobe epilepsy, areas of atrophy colocalized with highly interconnected cortical hub regions, whereas idiopathic generalized epilepsy showed preferential subcortical hub involvement. These morphological abnormalities were anchored to the connectivity profiles of distinct disease epicenters, pointing to temporo-limbic cortices in temporal lobe epilepsy and fronto-central cortices in idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Negative effects of age on atrophy further revealed a strong influence of connectome architecture in temporal lobe, but not idiopathic generalized, epilepsy. Our findings were reproduced across individual sites and single patients and were robust across different analytical methods. Through worldwide collaboration in ENIGMA-Epilepsy, we provided deeper insights into the macroscale features that shape the pathophysiology of common epilepsies.

Year2020
JournalScience Advances
Journal citation6 (47), p. eabc6457
PublisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN2375-2548
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abc6457
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85096408152
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-14
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Nov 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Aug 2021
Grant IDNHMRC/1091593
NHMRC/1060312
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