Patterns of family and intimate partner violence in problem gamblers

Journal article


Suomi, Aino, Dowling, Nicki A., Thomas, Shane, Abbott, Max, Bellringer, Maria, Battersby, Malcolm, Koziol-McLain, Jane, Lavis, Tiffany and Jackson, Alun C.. (2019). Patterns of family and intimate partner violence in problem gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies. 35(2), pp. 465-484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9768-9
AuthorsSuomi, Aino, Dowling, Nicki A., Thomas, Shane, Abbott, Max, Bellringer, Maria, Battersby, Malcolm, Koziol-McLain, Jane, Lavis, Tiffany and Jackson, Alun C.
Abstract

While the evidence about the statistical co-occurrence of family violence and problem gambling is growing, the mechanism by which the two behaviours are related is less clear. This study sought to clarify the dynamics of the problem behaviours, including the role of gender in victimisation and perpetration of violence in the family. Two-hundred-and-twelve treatment seeking problem gamblers (50.5% females) were recruited for interviews about past year FV and IPV experiences. The interviews included questions about the types of FV and IPV using the HITS tool (Sherin et al. in Fam Med Kans City 30:508–512, 1998). The questions addressed multiple family members, the temporal order of violence and gambling and the perceived associations between the two behaviours. The result show that well over half (60.8%; 95 CI = 54.1–67.2) of the participants reported some form of violence in the past 12 months, with no gender differences in relation to perpetration and victimisation. Bidirectional violence (43.9%; 95 CI = 37.4–50.6) was significantly more common than ‘perpetration only’ (11.3%; 95 CI = 7.7–16.3) or ‘victimisation only’ (5.7%; 95 CI = 3.3–9.6). Violence was mostly verbal, although considerable rates of physical violence also featured in the responses. ‘Participants’ own gambling preceded violence in a majority of the interviews but a small group of IPV victims reported that being a victim had led to their problematic gambling. These results can be used inform prevention, better treatment matching and capacity building in family violence and problem gambling services, where a significant focus should be on situational IPV.

Keywordsfamily violence; intimate partner violence; problem gambling; bi-directional violence; situational violence
Year2019
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Journal citation35 (2), pp. 465-484
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media
ISSN1573-3602
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9768-9
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85054536003
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range465-484
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Mar 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited01 Sep 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/LP0989331
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