Problem gambling and family violence : Findings from a population-representative study

Journal article


Dowling, Nicki A., Ewin, Carrie, Youssef, George J., Merkouris, Stephanie S., Suomi, Aino, Thomas, Shane A. and Jackson, Alun C.. (2018). Problem gambling and family violence : Findings from a population-representative study. Journal of Behavioral Addictions. 7(3), pp. 806-813. https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.74
AuthorsDowling, Nicki A., Ewin, Carrie, Youssef, George J., Merkouris, Stephanie S., Suomi, Aino, Thomas, Shane A. and Jackson, Alun C.
Abstract

Background and aims
Few studies have investigated the association between problem gambling (PG) and violence extending into the family beyond intimate partners. This study aimed to explore the association between PG and family violence (FV) in a population-representative sample. It was hypothesized that: (a) PG would be positively associated with FV, even after adjusting for sociodemographic variables and comorbidities and (b) these relationships would be significantly exacerbated by substance use and psychological distress. A secondary aim was to explore whether gender moderated these relationships.

Methods
Computer-assisted telephone interviews were conducted with a population-representative sample of 4,153 Australian adults.

Results
Moderate-risk (MR)/problem gamblers had a 2.73-fold increase in the odds of experiencing FV victimization (21.3%; 95% CI: 13.1–29.4) relative to non-problem gamblers (9.4%; 95% CI: 8.5–10.4). They also had a 2.56-fold increase in the odds of experiencing FV perpetration (19.7%; 95% CI: 11.8–27.7) relative to non-problem gamblers (9.0%; 95% CI: 8.0–10.0). Low-risk gamblers also had over a twofold increase in the odds of experiencing FV victimization (20.0%; 95% CI: 14.0–26.0) and perpetration (19.3%; 95% CI: 13.5–25.1). These relationships remained robust for low-risk gamblers, but were attenuated for MR/problem gamblers, after adjustment for substance use and psychological distress. MR/problem gamblers had a greater probability of FV victimization, if they reported hazardous alcohol use; and low-risk gamblers had a greater probability of FV perpetration if they were female.

Discussion and conclusion
These findings provide further support for routine screening, highlight the need for prevention and intervention programs, and suggest that reducing alcohol use may be important in these efforts.

Keywordsproblem gambling; intimate partner violence; family violence; victimization; perpetration; psychological distress
Year2018
JournalJournal of Behavioral Addictions
Journal citation7 (3), pp. 806-813
PublisherNLM (Medline)
ISSN2062-5871
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1556/2006.7.2018.74
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85054097701
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range806-813
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Sep 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Sep 2021
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8wv82/problem-gambling-and-family-violence-findings-from-a-population-representative-study

Download files


Publisher's version
OA_Dowling_2018_Problem_gambling_and_family_violence_Findings.pdf
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
File access level: Open

  • 55
    total views
  • 15
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Recognition and responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) in gambler's help services : A qualitative study
Suomi, Aino Inkeri, O'Dwyer, Carol, Sbisa, Alyssa, Metcalf, Olivia, Couineau, Anne-Laure, O'Donnell, Meaghan and Cowlishaw, Sean. (2023). Recognition and responses to intimate partner violence (IPV) in gambler's help services : A qualitative study. Australian Journal of Social Issues. 58(4), pp. 874-890. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajs4.256
“It's like you're not even there…” : Gambling harm experienced by children of gambling parents
Suomi, Aino, Bailey, Megan, Lucas, Nina, Dowling, Nicki and Delfabbro, Paul. (2023). “It's like you're not even there…” : Gambling harm experienced by children of gambling parents. Children and Youth Services Review. 145, p. Article 106800. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2022.106800
Interparental coercive control and child and family outcomes : A systematic review
Xyrakis, Nakiya, Aquilina, Benjamin, McNiece, Ella, Tran, Thomas, Waddell, Connor, Suomi, Aino and Pasalich, Dave. (2022). Interparental coercive control and child and family outcomes : A systematic review. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1177/15248380221139243
Does receipt of unemployment benefits change recruiter perceptions of candidates' personality, work relevant skills and employability?
Suomi, Aino, Schofield, Timothy and Butterworth, Peter. (2022). Does receipt of unemployment benefits change recruiter perceptions of candidates' personality, work relevant skills and employability? Work. 71(4), pp. 1029-1041. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-205048
Is unemployment benefit stigma related to poverty, payment receipt, or lack of employment? A vignette experiment about Australian views
Suomi, Aino, Schofield, Timothy, Haslam, Nick and Butterworth, Peter. (2022). Is unemployment benefit stigma related to poverty, payment receipt, or lack of employment? A vignette experiment about Australian views. Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy. 22(2), pp. 694-711. https://doi.org/10.1111/asap.12313
How many children are exposed to at-risk parental gambling in Australia? Results from a representative national sample
Suomi, Aino, Watson, Nicole and Butterworth, Peter. (2022). How many children are exposed to at-risk parental gambling in Australia? Results from a representative national sample. Addictive Behaviors. 130, p. Article 107305. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2022.107305
Is the stereotype of welfare recipients associated with type of welfare state regime? A cross-national meta-regression of the stereotype content model
Schofield, Timothy P., Suomi, Aino and Butterworth, Peter. (2022). Is the stereotype of welfare recipients associated with type of welfare state regime? A cross-national meta-regression of the stereotype content model. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 52(4), pp. 201-209. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12843
One ‘welfare recipient’ stereotype or many? Using the stereotype content model to examine the stereotypes of different categories of benefit recipients
Schofield, Timothy, Suomi, Aino and Butterworth, Peter. (2022). One ‘welfare recipient’ stereotype or many? Using the stereotype content model to examine the stereotypes of different categories of benefit recipients. International Journal of Social Welfare. 31(3), pp. 280-290. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijsw.12519
The identification of low-risk gambling limits for specific gambling activities
Dowling, N. A., Youssef, G. J., Greenwood, C., Merkouris, S. S., Suomi, A. and Room, R.. (2022). The identification of low-risk gambling limits for specific gambling activities. Journal of Gambling Studies. 38(2), pp. 559-590. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-021-10036-z
The development of empirically derived Australian low-risk gambling limits
Dowling, Nicki A., Youssef, George J., Greenwood, Christopher, Merkouris, Stephanie S., Suomi, Aino and Room, Robin. (2021). The development of empirically derived Australian low-risk gambling limits. Journal of Clinical Medicine. 10(2), p. Article 167. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10020167
Parents’ supervised contact visits with their children in care : Factors associated with cancellations
Taplin, Stephanie, Lucas, Nina, Suomi, Aino, Humphreys, Cathy, Kertesz, Margaret and McArthur, Morag. (2021). Parents’ supervised contact visits with their children in care : Factors associated with cancellations. Children and Youth Services Review. 127, p. Article 106127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2021.106127
Experiences of people with mental ill-health involved in family court or child protection processes : A rapid evidence review
Higgins, Daryl, McDougall, James, Trew, Sebastian and Suomi, Aino. (2021). Experiences of people with mental ill-health involved in family court or child protection processes : A rapid evidence review Melbourne, Victoria: Institute of Child Protection Studies, Australian Catholic University. https://doi.org/10.24268/acu.8w64y
Unemployment, employability and COVID19 : How the global socioeconomic shock challenged negative perceptions toward the less fortunate in the Australian context
Suomi, Aino, Schofield, Timothy P. and Butterworth, Peter. (2020). Unemployment, employability and COVID19 : How the global socioeconomic shock challenged negative perceptions toward the less fortunate in the Australian context. Frontiers in Psychology. 11, p. 594837. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.594837
Cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) to support parental contact for children in out-of-home care
Suomi, Aino, Lucas, Nina, McArthur, Morag, Humphreys, Cathy, Dobbins, Timothy and Taplin, Stephanie. (2020). Cluster randomized controlled trial (RCT) to support parental contact for children in out-of-home care. Child Abuse and Neglect. 109, p. 104708. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104708
Couple and family therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder
Suomi, Aino, Evans, Lynette, Rogers, Bryan, Taplin, Stephanie and Cowlishaw, Sean. (2019). Couple and family therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. (12), p. Article CD011257. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011257.pub2
Locating gambling problems across a continuum of severity : Rasch analysis of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS)
Cowlishaw, S., Merkouris, S. S., Dowling, N. A., Rodda, S., Suomi, A. and Thomas, S. L.. (2019). Locating gambling problems across a continuum of severity : Rasch analysis of the Quinte Longitudinal Study (QLS). Addictive Behaviors. 92, pp. 32-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.12.016
Problem gambling and family violence : Factors associated with family violence victimization and perpetration in treatment-seeking gamblers
Dowling, Nicki A., Oldenhof, Erin, Cockman, Sue, Suomi, Aino, Merkouris, Stephanie S. and Jackson, Alun C.. (2019). Problem gambling and family violence : Factors associated with family violence victimization and perpetration in treatment-seeking gamblers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence: concerned with the study and treatment of victims and perpetrators of physical and sexual violence. 36(15-16), pp. 7645-7669. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886260519835877
Patterns of family and intimate partner violence in problem gamblers
Suomi, Aino, Dowling, Nicki A., Thomas, Shane, Abbott, Max, Bellringer, Maria, Battersby, Malcolm, Koziol-McLain, Jane, Lavis, Tiffany and Jackson, Alun C.. (2019). Patterns of family and intimate partner violence in problem gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies. 35(2), pp. 465-484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-018-9768-9
Family violence in gambling help-seeking populations
Palmer du Preez, Katie, Bellringer, Maria, Pearson, Janet, Dowling, Nicki, Suomi, Aino, Koziol-Mclain, Jane, Wilson, Denise and Jackson, Alun. (2018). Family violence in gambling help-seeking populations. International Gambling Studies. 18(3), pp. 477-494. https://doi.org/10.1080/14459795.2018.1480648
Gambling and physical intimate partner violence : Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions (NESARC)
Roberts, Amanda, Landon, Jason, Sharman, Stephen, Hakes, Jahn, Suomi, Aino and Cowlishaw, Sean. (2018). Gambling and physical intimate partner violence : Results from the national epidemiologic survey on alcohol and related conditions (NESARC). American Journal on Addictions. 27(1), pp. 7-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajad.12656
Problem gambling family impacts: Development of the Problem Gambling Family Impact Scale
Dowling, N. A., Suomi, Aino, Jackson, A. C. and Lavis, T.. (2016). Problem gambling family impacts: Development of the Problem Gambling Family Impact Scale. Journal of Gambling Studies. 32(3), pp. 935 - 955. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10899-015-9582-6
Implications of gambling problems for family and interpersonal adjustment: Results from the Quinte Longitudinal Study
Cowlishaw, Sean, Suomi, Aino and Rodgers, Bryan. (2016). Implications of gambling problems for family and interpersonal adjustment: Results from the Quinte Longitudinal Study. Addiction. 111(9), pp. 1628 - 1636. https://doi.org/10.1111/add.13402
Problem gambling and intimate partner violence : A systematic review and meta-analysis
Dowling, Nicki, Suomi, Aino, Jackson, Alun, Lavis, Tiffany, Patford, Janet, Cockman, Suzanne, Thomas, Shane, Bellringer, Maria, Koziol-Mclain, Jane, Battersby, Malcolm, Harvey, Peter and Abbott, Max. (2014). Problem gambling and intimate partner violence : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Trauma, Violence, and Abuse. 17(1), pp. 43-61. https://doi.org/10.1177/1524838014561269
Problem gambling subtypes based on psychological distress, alcohol abuse and impulsivity
Suomi, Aino, Dowling, Nicki A. and Jackson, Alun C.. (2014). Problem gambling subtypes based on psychological distress, alcohol abuse and impulsivity. Addictive Behaviors. 39(12), pp. 1741-1745. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.07.023
Problem gambling and family violence: Prevalence and patterns in treatment-seekers
Dowling, N. A., Jackson, A. C., Suomi, Aino, Lavis, T., Thomas, S. A., Patford, J., Harvey, P., Battersby, M., Koziol-Mclain, J., Abbott, M. and Bellringer, M. E.. (2014). Problem gambling and family violence: Prevalence and patterns in treatment-seekers. Addictive Behaviors. 39(12), pp. 1713 - 1717. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2014.07.006
Couple and family therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Cowlishaw, Sean, Evans, Lynette, Suomi, Aino and Rodgers, Bryan. (2014). Couple and family therapies for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2014(9), pp. 1 - 15. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD011257