The production of complement clauses in children with language impairment

Journal article


Steel, Gillian, Rose, Miranda and Eadie, Patricia. (2016). The production of complement clauses in children with language impairment. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 59(2), pp. 330-341. https://doi.org/10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0001
AuthorsSteel, Gillian, Rose, Miranda and Eadie, Patricia
Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this research was to provide a comprehensive description of complement-clause production in children with language impairment. Complement clauses were examined with respect to types of complement structure produced, verb use, and both semantic and syntactic accuracy.

Method
A group of 17 children with language impairment (mean age = 6;10 [years; months]) was compared with a group of 17 younger children with typical language development (mean age = 4;6). Examples of both nonfinite complements with different subjects and sentential complements involving a range of complement-taking verbs were collected using specially designed elicitation tasks.

Results
The children with language impairment were able to construct both types of complement clauses, had access to a range of verbs that are utilized within these constructions, and had knowledge of the grammatical constraints imposed by these verbs. However, they were more restricted in their production of sentential complements and produced significantly fewer semantically accurate complements (both finite and nonfinite) than the children with typical language development.

Conclusion
Children with language impairment evidenced deviant rather than merely delayed development in the area of complement-clause production. Complex sentences such as complement clauses need to be targeted in language intervention programs.

Year2016
JournalJournal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research
Journal citation59 (2), pp. 330-341
PublisherAmerican Speech - Language - Hearing Association
ISSN1092-4388
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1044/2015_JSLHR-L-15-0001
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84964733993
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range330-341
FunderAustralian Research Council
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Apr 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted29 Aug 2015
Deposited07 Sep 2021
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/FT100100446
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