Lenin at Nuremberg : Anti-imperialism and the juridification of crimes against humanity
Alexander, Amanda. (2021). Lenin at Nuremberg : Anti-imperialism and the juridification of crimes against humanity. In In Greeman, Kathryn, Oxford, Anne, Saunders, Anna and Tzouvala, Ntina (Ed.). Revolutions in International Law : The legacies of 1917 pp. 56-82 Cambridge University Press.
|Editors||Greeman, Kathryn, Oxford, Anne, Saunders, Anna and Tzouvala, Ntina|
[Extract] In this chapter, I suggest that the IMT [International Military Tribunal] falls short when assessed according to these measures because it did not just tell the expected Enlightenment narrative and it did not intend to prosecute crimes against humanity in the way we understand them now. Rather, I will argue that the way the crimes were codified and then described at the trials shows that another narrative was also at work. This was an anti-imperial narrative that drew on Marxist theory and was given a practical impetus by the Bolshevik Revolution. It spread, in a diluted form, to 'advanced opinion' throughout the West. The Marxist approach described war, even European wars, as the result and expression of imperialism. Imperialism was an economic institution, and its depredations were depicted primarily in economic terms. Aggressive, imperialist war was, in this narrative, the worst crime - the crime that led to all the other horrors of war. An international legal regime that condoned imperialist war was, therefore, so ethically misguided that it should be changed.
|Book title||Revolutions in International Law : The legacies of 1917|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Place of publication||Cambridge, United Kingdom|
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|Deposited||17 Sep 2021|
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