Environmental impact of oil and gas exploration on livelihoods in Nigeria’s Eastern Obolo : Exploring the people's rights to fair compensation

Journal article


Adonteng-Kissi, Obed, Oke, Benson R., Meribe, Nnaemeka Chidiebere and Ayentimi, Desmond Tutu. (2021). Environmental impact of oil and gas exploration on livelihoods in Nigeria’s Eastern Obolo : Exploring the people's rights to fair compensation. Forum for Development Studies. 48(3), pp. 539-570. https://doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2021.1947364
AuthorsAdonteng-Kissi, Obed, Oke, Benson R., Meribe, Nnaemeka Chidiebere and Ayentimi, Desmond Tutu
Abstract

This paper explores how adequate are oil and gas companies to compensate the damage done by their oil exploration. The study is based extensively on primary fieldwork in local host communities in the oil-producing areas of Eastern Obolo in Rivers State, Nigeria drawing on the experiences and perceptions of 31 community heads, Chief fishermen, youth leaders, the chairman of the Eastern Obolo Community Relations Committee (CRC), the paramount chief and sub-chiefs, and Community Relations Managers of Oil Companies. The average age of participants was 37 years. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with key informants using in-depth interview techniques to gather the needed data. Our results show that distributive and procedural justice and people’s rights to self-determination and fair compensation have been compromised in policy initiatives. Harmonising layers of critical laws, including the enforcement of social and environmental protection, must remain a priority though challenges inherent in the legal framework regulating compensation go beyond the impacts of social and environmental governance.

Keywordsenvironmental impact; oil and gas; compensation; distributive justice; Nigeria
Year2021
JournalForum for Development Studies
Journal citation48 (3), pp. 539-570
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN0803-9410
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/08039410.2021.1947364
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85110625760
Page range539-570
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online11 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Nov 2021
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