Ankle proprioception, range of motion and drop landing ability differentiates competitive and non-competitive surfers

Journal article


Dowse, Rebecca A., Secomb, Josh L., Bruton, Michaela and Nimphius, Sophia. (2021). Ankle proprioception, range of motion and drop landing ability differentiates competitive and non-competitive surfers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 24(6), pp. 609-613. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.12.011
AuthorsDowse, Rebecca A., Secomb, Josh L., Bruton, Michaela and Nimphius, Sophia
Abstract

Objectives
To determine whether ankle proprioception differs by competitive level and is related to years of surf-specific experience. A secondary objective of this study is to further compare the physical capacities and abilities that may differentiate between the competitive levels of surfing.

Design
Cross-sectional.

Methods
Twelve junior-elite (currently competing at a state level or higher and 12–18 years of age), twelve senior-elite (currently competing at a national level and/or the World Qualifying Series and over 16 years of age), and twelve recreational surfers (minimum of two years surfing experience; actively surfing at least once a week and over 18 years of age) were recruited for this study. All participants completed a pre-exercise medical questionnaire, anthropometric assessment, ankle dorsiflexion range of motion assessment, medial-lateral ankle proprioception assessment, countermovement jump, squat jump, isometric mid-thigh pull and drop-and-stick.

Results
Senior-elite surfers had large and significantly better ankle proprioception and range of motion than junior-elite and recreational surfers. However, the relationship between years of surf-specific experience and ankle proprioception was small and non-significant. Better drop-and-stick performance, indicated by lower relative peak force, was present in the senior-elite compared to the junior-elite and recreational groups.

Conclusions
The results indicate that medial-lateral ankle proprioception is a distinguishing characteristic of senior-elite surfers and therefore, may be a critical ability for competitive success. Greater ankle range of motion and the ability to attenuate energy to reduce landing force may be developed through long-term training commensurate with competitive surfing.

Keywordsmotor performance; lower-body strength; energy absorption; dynamic balance; injury
Year2021
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Journal citation24 (6), pp. 609-613
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN1440-2440
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2020.12.011
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85098936153
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range609-613
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online24 Dec 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted14 Dec 2020
Deposited09 Nov 2021
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