Cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and circulating white blood cells in US youth

Journal article


García-Hermoso, Antonio, Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson, Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M. and del Pozo Cruz, Borja. (2021). Cardiorespiratory fitness, physical activity, sedentary behavior, and circulating white blood cells in US youth. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports. 31, pp. 439-445. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13845
AuthorsGarcía-Hermoso, Antonio, Ramírez-Vélez, Robinson, Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M. and del Pozo Cruz, Borja
Abstract

The white blood cell (WBC) provides a clue to the presence of illness. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity levels are negatively associated with circulating total WBC counts in adults. To date, only a scarce number of studies have investigated these associations among youths. The aim was to elucidate the relationship between CRF and accelerometer-assessed physical activity and sedentary behavior with WBC counts and subfraction concentrations of particular WBC (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils, and eosinophils) in a large representative national sample of US children and adolescents. Participants accumulating 60 min/day or more of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) were considered active or inactive otherwise. Participants were also categorized into low, average, and high CRF level. The final sample consisted of 1623 children and adolescents (11.9 years old) from 2003 to 2006 cycle and 2624 (14.5 years old) from 1999 to 2004 cycle. CRF was inversely associated with total WBC and segmented neutrophils concentration in both sexes, and MVPA only in boys. Further, active children and adolescents had higher odds of a normal range of WBC count in boys (Odds Ratio [OR] = 1.41 95% CI, 1.02 to 2.34) and girls (OR = 3.52 95% CI, 1.01 to 12.23). In conclusion, our observations indicate that interventions targeting CRF and MVPA could strength the immune system of children and adolescents.

Keywordsexercise; immune system; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; physical fitness; sedentary time
Year2021
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Journal citation31, pp. 439-445
PublisherBlackwell Munksgaard
ISSN0905-7188
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13845
PubMed ID33038029
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85092642562
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range439-445
Publisher's version
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online10 Oct 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Sep 2020
Deposited11 Nov 2021
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Effects of supervised whole body vibration exercise on fall risk factors, functional dependence and health-related quality of life in nursing home residents aged 80+
Álvarez-Barbosa, Francisco, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M., Rogers, Michael E. and Zhang, Yanxin. (2014). Effects of supervised whole body vibration exercise on fall risk factors, functional dependence and health-related quality of life in nursing home residents aged 80+. Maturitas. 79(4), pp. 456 - 463. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2014.09.010
Impact of physical activity on psychological distress: A prospective analysis of an Australian national sample
Perales, Francisco, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús and del Pozo-Cruz, Borja. (2014). Impact of physical activity on psychological distress: A prospective analysis of an Australian national sample. American Journal of Public Health. 104(12), pp. e91 - e97. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2014.302169
Reliability and validity of lumbar and abdominal trunk muscle endurance tests in office workers with nonspecific subacute low back pain
del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Hernandez-Mocholi, Miguel H., del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Parraca, Jose A., Adsuar, Jose C. and Gusi, Narcis. (2014). Reliability and validity of lumbar and abdominal trunk muscle endurance tests in office workers with nonspecific subacute low back pain. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 27(4), pp. 399 - 408. https://doi.org/10.3233/BMR-140460
Validation and comparison of 15-D and EQ-5D-5L instruments in a Spanish Parkinson's disease population sample
García-Gordillo, Miguel Ángel, del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Adsuar, José Carmelo, Sánchez-Martínez, Fernando Ignacio and Abellán-Perpiñán, Jose María. (2014). Validation and comparison of 15-D and EQ-5D-5L instruments in a Spanish Parkinson's disease population sample. Quality of Life Research. 23(4), pp. 1315 - 1326. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-013-0569-4
The relationship between nutritional status, functional capacity, and health-related quality of life in older adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot explanatory study
Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M., del Pozo Cruz, Borja, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, del Pozo-Cruz, Jose and Sañudo, Borja. (2013). The relationship between nutritional status, functional capacity, and health-related quality of life in older adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot explanatory study. Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging. 17(4), pp. 315 - 321. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12603-013-0028-5
Clinical effects of a nine-month web-based intervention in subacute non-specific low back pain patients: A randomized controlled trial
del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Gusi, Narcis, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Adsuar, Jose C., Hernandez-Mocholí, Miguel and Parraca, Jose A.. (2013). Clinical effects of a nine-month web-based intervention in subacute non-specific low back pain patients: A randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation. 27(1), pp. 28 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0269215512444632
Reanalysis of a tailored web-based exercise programme for office workers with sub-acute low back pain: Assessing the stage of change in behaviour
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Adsuar, Jose C., Parraca, Jose A. and Gusi, Narcis. (2013). Reanalysis of a tailored web-based exercise programme for office workers with sub-acute low back pain: Assessing the stage of change in behaviour. Psychology, Health & Medicine. 18(6), pp. 687 - 697. https://doi.org/10.1080/13548506.2013.765019
A primary care–based randomized controlled trial of 12-week whole-body vibration for balance improvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus
del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M., Ugia, José L., McVeigh, Joseph G., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja and Sañudo, Borja. (2013). A primary care–based randomized controlled trial of 12-week whole-body vibration for balance improvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 94(11), pp. 2112 - 2118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2013.05.030
Whole body vibration training improves leg blood flow and adiposity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Sañudo, Borja, Alfonso-Rosa, Rosa M., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Galiano, Delfín and Figueroa, Arturo. (2013). Whole body vibration training improves leg blood flow and adiposity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 113(9), pp. 2245 - 2252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-013-2654-3
Musculoskeletal fitness and health-related quality of life characteristics among sedentary office workers affected by sub-acute, non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Gusi, Narcis, Adsuar, Jose C., del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Parraca, Jose A. and Hernandez-Mocholí, M.. (2013). Musculoskeletal fitness and health-related quality of life characteristics among sedentary office workers affected by sub-acute, non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study. Physiotherapy. 99(3), pp. 194 - 200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physio.2012.06.006
Using whole-body vibration training in patients affected with common neurological diseases: A systematic literature review
del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Adsuar, Jose C., Parraca, Jose A., del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Olivares, Pedro R. and Gusi, Narcis. (2012). Using whole-body vibration training in patients affected with common neurological diseases: A systematic literature review. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 18(1), pp. 29 - 41. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2010.0691
An occupational, internet-based intervention to prevent chronicity in subacute lower back pain: A randomized controlled trial
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Parraca, Jose A., del Pozo-Cruz, Jesús, Adsuar, Jose C., Hill, Jonathan C. and Gusi, Narcis. (2012). An occupational, internet-based intervention to prevent chronicity in subacute lower back pain: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 44(7), pp. 581 - 587. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0988
A Web-Based Intervention to Improve and Prevent low back pain among office workers: A randomized controlled trial
del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Adsuar, Jose C., Parraca, Jose A., del Pozo-Cruz, Jesus, Moreno, Antonio and Gusi, Narcis. (2012). A Web-Based Intervention to Improve and Prevent low back pain among office workers: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy. 42(10), pp. 831 - 841. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2012.3980
Balance training reduces fear of falling and improves dynamic balance and isometric strength in institutionalised older people: A randomised trial
Gusi, Narcis, Adsuar, Jose Carmelo, Corzo, Héctor, del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Olivares, Pedro R. and Parraca, Jose A.. (2012). Balance training reduces fear of falling and improves dynamic balance and isometric strength in institutionalised older people: A randomised trial. Journal of Physiotherapy. 58(2), pp. 97 - 104. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1836-9553(12)70089-9
Whole body vibration improves the single-leg stance static balance in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial
Adsuar, Jose C., del Pozo Cruz, Borja, Parraca, Jose A., Olivares, Pedro R. and Gusi, Narcis. (2012). Whole body vibration improves the single-leg stance static balance in women with fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled trial. The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 52(1), pp. 85 - 91.
Test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic knee extension and flexion in patients with fibromyalgia: Evaluation of the smallest real difference
Adsuar, Jose C., Olivares, Pedro R., del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Parraca, Jose A. and Gusi, Narcis. (2011). Test-retest reliability of isometric and isokinetic knee extension and flexion in patients with fibromyalgia: Evaluation of the smallest real difference. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. 92(10), pp. 1646 - 1651. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2011.04.017
Tilting whole body vibration improves quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial
Olivares, Pedro R., Gusi, Narcis, Parraca, Jose A., Adsuar, Jose C. and del Pozo-Cruz, Borja. (2011). Tilting whole body vibration improves quality of life in women with fibromyalgia: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Alternative & Complementary Medicine. 17(8), pp. 723 - 728. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2010.0296
The Spanish version of the "STarT Back Screening Tool" (SBST) in different subgroups
Gusi, Narcís, del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Olivares, Pedro R., Hernández-Mocholi, Miguel and Hill, Jonathan C.. (2011). The Spanish version of the "STarT Back Screening Tool" (SBST) in different subgroups. Atención Primaria. 43(7), pp. 356 - 361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aprim.2010.05.019
Effects of whole body vibration therapy on main outcome measures for chronic non-specific low back pain: A single-blind randomized controlled trial
del Pozo-Cruz, Borja, Hernández Mocholí, Miguel A., Adsuar, Jose C., Parraca, Jose A., Muro, Inmaculada and Gusi, Narcis. (2011). Effects of whole body vibration therapy on main outcome measures for chronic non-specific low back pain: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine. 43(8), pp. 689 - 694. https://doi.org/10.2340/16501977-0830