Evaluation of the psychometric properties of self-reported weight stigma measures : A systematic literature review

Journal article


Papadopoulos, Stephanie, de la Piedad Garcia, Xochitl and Brennan, Leah. (2021). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of self-reported weight stigma measures : A systematic literature review. Obesity Reviews. 22(8), pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13267
AuthorsPapadopoulos, Stephanie, de la Piedad Garcia, Xochitl and Brennan, Leah
Abstract

Objective
Conceptualisation and measurement of weight stigma varies across available studies assessing those affected. This paper aims to systematically review the psychometric properties of available self-reported measures of weight stigma.

Method
Studies exploring the development and/or validation of weight stigma measures were identified through systematically searching Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The Consensus-based Standards of Health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) checklist was used to assess the psychometric properties of measures.

Results
Thirty-six articles, reporting 18 different weight stigma measures, were included. For most included measures, measure development and content validity have not been assessed/reported. Structural validity, internal consistency, and hypothesis testing were the most commonly assessed/reported psychometric properties. High-quality ratings were given only for these properties. Most measures were rated as “indeterminate” and received an overall quality rating of “Very Low” as results were based on limited evidence.

Conclusions
Psychometric properties for published weight stigma measures have rarely been assessed/reported. The observed poor methodological quality for measure development, and limited content validity evidence, negatively impact the quality of evidence for the measures. There is a need for studies assessing the psychometric properties of existing weight stigma measures using COSMIN guidelines, and for a well-designed weight stigma measure informed by both theory and research.

Keywordsmeasurement; psychometrics; stigma; weight
Year2021
JournalObesity Reviews
Journal citation22 (8), pp. 1-13
PublisherWiley
ISSN1467-7881
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.13267
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85107779023
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-13
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online08 Jun 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Mar 2021
Deposited15 Nov 2021
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