Hinge binder scaffold hopping identifies potent calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CAMKK2) inhibitor chemotypes

Journal article


Eduful, Benjamin J., O'Byrne, Sean N., Temme, Louisa, Asquith, Christopher R. M., Liang, Yi, Picado, Alfredo, Pilotte, Joseph R., Hossain, Mohammad Anwar, Wells, Carrow I., Zuercher, William J., Catta-Preta, Carolina M.C, Ramos, Priscila, de S. Santiago, André, Counago, Rafael M., Langendorf, Christopher G., Nay, Kevin, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Pulliam, Thomas L., Lin, Chenchu, ... Drewry, David H.. (2021). Hinge binder scaffold hopping identifies potent calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CAMKK2) inhibitor chemotypes. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 64(15), pp. 10849-10877. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c02274
AuthorsEduful, Benjamin J., O'Byrne, Sean N., Temme, Louisa, Asquith, Christopher R. M., Liang, Yi, Picado, Alfredo, Pilotte, Joseph R., Hossain, Mohammad Anwar, Wells, Carrow I., Zuercher, William J., Catta-Preta, Carolina M.C, Ramos, Priscila, de S. Santiago, André, Counago, Rafael M., Langendorf, Christopher G., Nay, Kevin, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Pulliam, Thomas L., Lin, Chenchu, Awad, Dominik, Willson, Timothy M., Frigo, Daniel E., Scott, John Walter W. and Drewry, David H.
Abstract

CAMKK2 is a serine/threonine kinase and an activator of AMPK whose dysregulation is linked with multiple diseases. Unfortunately, STO-609, the tool inhibitor commonly used to probe CAMKK2 signaling, has limitations. To identify promising scaffolds as starting points for the development of high-quality CAMKK2 chemical probes, we utilized a hinge-binding scaffold hopping strategy to design new CAMKK2 inhibitors. Starting from the potent but promiscuous disubstituted 7-azaindole GSK650934, a total of 32 compounds, composed of single-ring, 5,6-, and 6,6-fused heteroaromatic cores, were synthesized. The compound set was specifically designed to probe interactions with the kinase hinge-binding residues. Compared to GSK650394 and STO-609, 13 compounds displayed similar or better CAMKK2 inhibitory potency in vitro, while compounds 13g and 45 had improved selectivity for CAMKK2 across the kinome. Our systematic survey of hinge-binding chemotypes identified several potent and selective inhibitors of CAMKK2 to serve as starting points for medicinal chemistry programs.

Year2021
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Journal citation64 (15), pp. 10849-10877
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
ISSN0022-2623
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c02274
PubMed ID34264658
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85111503841
PubMed Central IDPMC8365604
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range10849-10877
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online15 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited18 Nov 2021
Grant IDNHMRC/1138102
NHMRC/1145265
NHMRC/1143080
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Lindqvist, Lisa M., Frank, Daniel, McArthur, Kate, Dite, Toby A., Lazarou, Michael, Oakhill, Jon, Kile, Benjamin T. and Vaux, David L.. (2018). Autophagy induced during apoptosis degrades mitochondria and inhibits type I interferon secretion. Cell Death and Differentiation. 25(4), pp. 782 - 794. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41418-017-0017-z
Mitochondrial MDM2 regulates respiratory complex i activity independently of p53
Arena, Giuseppe, Cissé, Madi Yann, Pyrdziak, Samuel, Chatre, Laurent, Riscal, Romain, Fuentes, Maryse, Arnold, Jamie Jon, Kastner, Markus, Gayte, Laurie, Bertrand-Gaday, Christelle, Nay, Kevin, Angebault-Prouteau, Claire, Murray, Kerren, Chabi, Beatrice, Koechlin-Ramonatxo, Christelle, Orsetti, Béatrice, Vincent, Charles, Casas, François, Marine, Jean-Christophe, ... Le Cam, Laurent. (2018). Mitochondrial MDM2 regulates respiratory complex i activity independently of p53. Molecular Cell. 69(4), pp. 594 - 609. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2018.01.023
Structural determinants for small-molecule activation of skeletal muscle AMPK α2β2γ1 by the glucose importagog sc4
Ngoei, Kevin R.W., Langendorf, Christopher G., Ling, Naomi, Hoque, Ashfaqul, Johnson, Swapna, Camerino, Michelle C., Walker, Scott R., Bozikis, Ylva E., Dite, Toby A., Ovens, Ashley J., Smiles, William, Jacobs, Roxane, Huang, He, Parker, Michael W., Scott, John W., Rider, Mark H., Foitzik, Richard C., Kemp, Bruce, Baell, Jonathan B. and Oakhill, Jonathan S.. (2018). Structural determinants for small-molecule activation of skeletal muscle AMPK α2β2γ1 by the glucose importagog sc4. Cell Chemical Biology. 25(6), pp. 728 - 737. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2018.03.008
Mitochondrial fission protein Drp1 inhibition promotes cardiac mesodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells
Hoque, Ashfaqul, Sivakumaran, Priyadharshini, Bond, Simon T., Ling, Naomi, Kong, Anne M., Scott, John W., Bandara, Nadeeka, Hernandez, Damian, Liu, Guei-Sheung, Wong, Raymond, Ryan, Michael T., Hausenloy, Derek, Kemp, Bruce, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Drew, Brian, Pebay, Alice and Lim, Shiang Y.. (2018). Mitochondrial fission protein Drp1 inhibition promotes cardiac mesodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells. Cell Death Discovery. 4(39), pp. 1 - 13. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41420-018-0042-9
AMP-activated protein kinase selectively inhibited by the type II inhibitor SBI-0206965
Dite, Toby A., Langendorf, Christopher, Hoque, Ashfaqul, Galic, Sandra, Rebello, Richard J., Ovens, Ashley J., Lindqvist, Lisa M., Ngoei, Kevin R.W., Ling, Naomi, Furic, Luc, Kemp, Bruce, Scott, John W. and Oakhill, Jonathan S.. (2018). AMP-activated protein kinase selectively inhibited by the type II inhibitor SBI-0206965. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 293(23), pp. 8874 - 8885. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.RA118.003547
1,2,6-thiadiazinones as novel narrow spectrum calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) inhibitors
Asquith, Christopher R.M., Godoi, Paulo H., Counago, Rafael M., Laitinen, Tuomo, Scott, John W., Langendorf, Christopher G., Oakhill, Jonathan S., Drewry, David H., Zuercher, William J., Koutentis, Panayiotis A., Willson, Timothy M. and Kalogirou, Andreas S.. (2018). 1,2,6-thiadiazinones as novel narrow spectrum calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase 2 (CaMKK2) inhibitors. Molecules. 23(5), pp. 1 - 23. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23051221
Impact of genetic variation on human CaMKK2 regulation by Ca2+ -calmodulin and multisite phosphorylation
O'Brien, Matthew, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Ling, Naomi, Langendorf, Christopher G., Hoque, Ashfaqul, Dite, Toby A., Means, Anthony R., Kemp, Bruce and Scott, John W.. (2017). Impact of genetic variation on human CaMKK2 regulation by Ca2+ -calmodulin and multisite phosphorylation. Scientific Reports. 7, pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep43264
The sweet side of AMPK signaling: Regulation of GFAT1
Scott, John W. and Oakhill, Jonathan S.. (2017). The sweet side of AMPK signaling: Regulation of GFAT1. Biochemical Journal. 474(7), pp. 1289 - 1292. https://doi.org/10.1042/BCJ20170006
The autophagy initiator ULK1 sensitizes AMPK to allosteric drugs
Dite, Toby A., Ling, Naomi, Scott, John W., Hoque, Ashfaqul, Galic, Sandra, Parker, Benjamin L., Ngoei, Kevin R.W., Langendorf, Christopher G., O'Brien, Matthew, Kundu, Mondira, Viollet, Benoit, Steinberg, Gregory R., Sakamoto, Kei, Kemp, Bruce and Oakhill, Jonathan S.. (2017). The autophagy initiator ULK1 sensitizes AMPK to allosteric drugs. Nature Communications. 8(571), pp. 1 - 14. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-00628-y
Fake inhibitors: AMPK activation trumps inhibition
Langendorf, Christopher G., Scott, John W. and Kemp, Bruce E.. (2017). Fake inhibitors: AMPK activation trumps inhibition. Cell Chemical Biology. 24(7), pp. 775 - 777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2017.07.005
Cyclin-dependent kinase-mediated phosphorylation of breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1) affects cell migration
Roesley, Siti Nur Ain, Suryadinata, Randy, Morrish, Emma, Tan, Anthonius Ricardo, Issa, Samah M. A., Oakhill, Jon, Bernard, Ora, Welch, Danny R. and Sarcevic, Boris. (2016). Cyclin-dependent kinase-mediated phosphorylation of breast cancer metastasis suppressor 1 (BRMS1) affects cell migration. Cell Cycle. 15(1), pp. 137 - 151. https://doi.org/10.1080/15384101.2015.1121328
Structural basis of allosteric and synergistic activation of AMPK by furan-2-phosphonic derivative C2 binding
Langendorf, Christopher G., Ngoei, Kevin R. W., Scott, John W., Ling, Naomi X. Y., Issa, Sam M. A., Gorman, Michael A., Parker, Michael W., Sakamoto, Kei, Oakhill, Jonathan S. and Kemp, Bruce Ernest. (2016). Structural basis of allosteric and synergistic activation of AMPK by furan-2-phosphonic derivative C2 binding. Nature Communications. 7, pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms10912
The social supply of cannabis among young people in Australia
Lenton, Simon, Grigg, Jodie, Scott, John, Barratt, Monica and Eleftheriadis, Dina. (2015). The social supply of cannabis among young people in Australia. Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice. (503), pp. 1-6.
Metformin and salicylate synergistically activate liver AMPK, inhibit lipogenesis and improve insulin sensitivity
Ford, Rebecca, Fullerton, Morgan, Pinkosky, Stephen, Day, Emily, Scott, John, Oakhill, Jonathan, Bujak, Adam, Smith, Brennan, Crane, Justin, Blumer, Regje, Marcinko, Katarina, Kemp, Bruce, Gerstein, Hertzel and Steinberg, Gregory. (2015). Metformin and salicylate synergistically activate liver AMPK, inhibit lipogenesis and improve insulin sensitivity. Biochemical Journal. 468(1), pp. 125 - 132. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20150125
Inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase at the allosteric drug-binding site promotes islet insulin release
Scott, John, Galic, Sandra, Graham, Kate, Foitzik, Richard, Ling, Naomi, Dite, Toby, Issa, Samah, Langendorf, Chris, Weng, Qing, Thomas, Helen, Kay, Thomas, Birnberg, Neal, Steinberg, Gregory, Kemp, Bruce and Oakhill, Jonathan. (2015). Inhibition of AMP-activated protein kinase at the allosteric drug-binding site promotes islet insulin release. Chemistry and Biology. 22(6), pp. 705 - 711. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2015.05.011
Autophosphorylation of CaMKK2 generates autonomous activity that is disrupted by a T85S mutation linked to anxiety and bipolar disorder
Scott, John, Park, Elizabeth, Rodriguiz, Ramona, Oakhill, Jonathan, Issa, Samah, O'Brien, Matthew, Dite, Toby, Langendorf, Christopher, Wetsel, William, Means, Anthony and Kemp, Bruce. (2015). Autophosphorylation of CaMKK2 generates autonomous activity that is disrupted by a T85S mutation linked to anxiety and bipolar disorder. Scientific Reports. 5, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep14436
SnRK1 from Arabidopsis thaliana is an atypical AMPK
Emanuelle, Shane, Hossain, Mohammed Iqbal, Moller, Isabel E., Pedersen, Henriette L., van de Meene, Allison M. L., Doblin, Monika S., Koay, Ann, Oakhill, Jonathan S., Scott, John W., Willats, William G. T., Kemp, Bruce Ernest, Bacic, Antony, Gooley, Paul R. and Stapleton, David I.. (2015). SnRK1 from Arabidopsis thaliana is an atypical AMPK. Plant Journal. 82(2), pp. 183 - 192. https://doi.org/10.1111/tpj.12813
Mutant TDP-43 deregulates AMPK activation by PP2A in ALS models
Perera, Nirma, Sheean, Rebecca, Scott, John, Kemp, Bruce, Horne, Malcolm and Turner, Bradley. (2014). Mutant TDP-43 deregulates AMPK activation by PP2A in ALS models. PLoS One (online). 9(3), pp. 1 - 11. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0090449
ATP sensitive bi-quinoline activator of the AMP-activated protein kinase
Scott, John, Oakhill, Jonathan, Ling, Naomi, Langendorf, Christopher, Foitzik, Richard, Kemp, Bruce and Issinger, Olaf-Georg. (2014). ATP sensitive bi-quinoline activator of the AMP-activated protein kinase. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 443(2), pp. 435 - 440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.11.130
Small molecule drug A-769662 and AMP synergistically activate naive AMPK independent of upstream kinase signaling
Scott, John, Ling, Naomi, Issa, Samah, Dite, Toby, O'Brien, Matthew, Chen, Zhi-Ping, Galic, Sandra, Langendorf, Christopher, Steinberg, Gregory, Kemp, Bruce and Oakhill, Jonathan. (2014). Small molecule drug A-769662 and AMP synergistically activate naive AMPK independent of upstream kinase signaling. Chemistry and Biology. 21(5), pp. 619 - 627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chembiol.2014.03.006
Differences between first episode schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder
Cotton, Sue, Lambert, M, Schimmelmann, B, Mackinnon, Andrew, Gleeson, John, Berk, Michael, Hides, L, Chanen, Andrew, Scott, J and Schottle, D. (2013). Differences between first episode schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Schizophrenia Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2013.02.036
Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta is regulated by multisite phosphorylation
Green, Michelle, Scott, John, Steel, Rohan, Oakhill, Jonathan, Kemp, Bruce and Means, Anthony. (2011). Ca 2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase kinase beta is regulated by multisite phosphorylation. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 286(32), pp. 28066 - 28079. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M111.251504
AMPK is a direct adenylate charge-regulated protein kinase
Oakhill, Jonathan S., Steel, Rohan, Chen, Zhi-Ping, Scott, John W., Ling, Naomi, Tam, Shanna and Kemp, Bruce Ernest. (2011). AMPK is a direct adenylate charge-regulated protein kinase. Science. 332(6036), pp. 1433 - 1435. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1200094