Motion of the multi-segmented spine in elite dancers during passé and arabesque

Journal article


Hagins, Marshall, Swain, Christopher T. V., Orishimo, Karl F., Kremenic, Ian J. and Liederbach, Marijeanne. (2021). Motion of the multi-segmented spine in elite dancers during passé and arabesque. Gait & Posture. 88, pp. 198-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.05.032
AuthorsHagins, Marshall, Swain, Christopher T. V., Orishimo, Karl F., Kremenic, Ian J. and Liederbach, Marijeanne
Abstract

Background
The spinal biomechanics of dance tasks have received little study and no studies have used a multi-segmented spinal model. Knowledge of how the segments of the spine move may be useful to the dance clinician and dance educator.

Research question
What is the direction and amount of motion of the primary segments of the spine in elite dancers during an arabesque and a passé?

Methods
This observational study examined 59 elite dancers performing an arabesque and a passé using a three-dimensional motion analysis system with the trunk divided into a series of five segments: pelvis, lower lumbar, upper lumbar, lower thoracic and upper thoracic spine.

Results
For the arabesque, all spinal segments moved in the same direction within each plane and the majority of total spinal motion occurred in the thoracic spine. Thoracic segments were at or near end range position at completion of the arabesque. For the passé, the spinal segments moved in different directions within each plane and the majority of total spinal motion occurred in the lumbar spine.

Significance
Dance clinicians and dance educators may benefit from the knowledge that thoracic hypomobility in any plane may limit arabesque performance and that attempts to instruct dancers to achieve a position of passé without flexion of the lumbar spine may be a valid aesthetic ideal but also an unrealistic functional expectation.

Keywordsdance; spine; multi-segmented; passé; arabesque
Year2021
JournalGait & Posture
Journal citation88, pp. 198-202
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0966-6362
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2021.05.032
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85107570063
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range198-202
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online06 Jun 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted30 May 2021
Deposited18 Nov 2021
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