Effectiveness of the mindfulness-based OpenMind-Korea (OM-K) preschool program

Journal article


Kim, Eunjin, Jackman, Monica M., Jo, Seong-Hun, Oh, Jisun, Ko, Shi-Yong, McPherson, Carrie L., Hwang, Yoon-Suk and Singh, Nirbhay N.. (2020). Effectiveness of the mindfulness-based OpenMind-Korea (OM-K) preschool program. Mindfulness. 11(4), pp. 1062-1072. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01337-2
AuthorsKim, Eunjin, Jackman, Monica M., Jo, Seong-Hun, Oh, Jisun, Ko, Shi-Yong, McPherson, Carrie L., Hwang, Yoon-Suk and Singh, Nirbhay N.
Abstract

Objectives
Preschool years provide a window of opportunity to enhance attentional flexibility, increase inhibitory control, build resilience, and strengthen emotion regulation in children. We assessed the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based social-emotional learning program—OpenMind-Korea (OM-K)—on preschool children’s emotion regulation, resilience, and prosocial behaviors.

Method
In a two-arm randomized controlled trial, two of four preschools were randomly assigned to the intervention condition and two to the control condition. The teachers in the intervention condition implemented the OM-K program (n = 42 children), and the teachers in the control condition provided instruction as usual (n = 41 children).

Results
At baseline (pre-intervention), the children in the control condition were rated as being significantly better on all outcome variables than those in the intervention condition. Although children in the intervention condition improved on all outcome variables, the children in the control condition continued to be rated higher on all outcome variables at the first post-intervention assessment. However, the children in the intervention condition were rated with significantly higher scores than the children in the control condition at the second and third post-intervention assessments. The children in the intervention condition were rated with significantly higher scores on lability/negativity, resilience, and prosocial behaviors. Although the ratings for adaptive regulation were higher for the children in the intervention condition than those in the control condition, the ratings did not reach statistical significance.

Conclusions
This study suggests that implementing the OM-K program in preschools may enhance the children’s emotion regulation (adaptive regulation, lability/negativity), resilience, and prosocial behavior (helping, sharing, cooperation, and comfort to others).

KeywordsOpenMind-Korea; social-emotional learning; preschool; mindfulness; emotion regulation
Year2020
JournalMindfulness
Journal citation11 (4), pp. 1062-1072
PublisherSpringer
ISSN1868-8527
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12671-020-01337-2
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85079821298
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1062-1072
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online21 Feb 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited06 Dec 2021
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