The production effect improves memory in 7- to 10-year-old children

Journal article


Pritchard, Verena E., Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Malone, Stephanie A. and MacLeod, Colin M.. (2020). The production effect improves memory in 7- to 10-year-old children. Child Development. 91(3), pp. 901-913. https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13247
AuthorsPritchard, Verena E., Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Malone, Stephanie A. and MacLeod, Colin M.
Abstract

The production effect—whereby reading words aloud improves memory for those words relative to reading them silently—was investigated in two experiments with 7- to 10-year-old children residing in Brisbane, Australia. Experiment 1 (n = 41) involved familiar printed words, with words read aloud or silently appearing either in mixed- or blocked-list formats in a within-subject design. Recognition for words read aloud was better than for those read silently, an effect consistent across both list formats. These results were confirmed in Experiment 2 (n = 40) using longer lists of printed novel nonwords. Final analyses indicated that the production effect was comparable for words and nonwords. Findings are discussed in relation to the distinctiveness account and the use of production as a mnemonic in children.

Year2020
JournalChild Development
Journal citation91 (3), pp. 901-913
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN0009-3920
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/cdev.13247
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85066014351
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range901-913
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online16 May 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited16 Dec 2021
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