Implicit motor learning in primary school children : A systematic review

Journal article


van Abswoude, Femke, Mombarg, Remo, de Groot, Wouter, Spruijtenburg, Gwennyth Eileen and Steenbergen, Bert. (2021). Implicit motor learning in primary school children : A systematic review. Journal of Sports Sciences. 39(22), pp. 2577-2595. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1947010
Authorsvan Abswoude, Femke, Mombarg, Remo, de Groot, Wouter, Spruijtenburg, Gwennyth Eileen and Steenbergen, Bert
Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the current state of evidence and methodological quality of studies on implicit and explicit motor learning in both typically developing children and children with developmental disorders. A systematic literature review was conducted on the experimental literature published up to April 2020. A total of 25 studies were included. Studies were evaluated on methodological quality, paradigm used, and level of evidence. The results showed that implicit paradigms are as effective as explicit paradigms in both groups of children. Studies are predominantly experimental in nature involving mostly upper limb aiming tasks. The few studies that were performed outside the lab (n = 5) suggest superior efficacy of the implicit paradigm. Methodological quality varied between studies and was not always of sufficient standard to allow conclusions. In particular, manipulation checks were only performed in 13 studies (52% of all studies), limiting conclusions. Further progress can be made by focussing on improving methodological quality through retention testing by the inclusion of a control group, by the inclusion of a manipulation check, and via assessment of relevant co-variables, such as working memory, age, and motor competence.

Keywordsmotor learning; children; implicit learning; explicit learning; systematic review
Year2021
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Journal citation39 (22), pp. 2577-2595
PublisherRoutledge
Routledge
ISSN0264-0414
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2021.1947010
PubMed ID34219609
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85109600842&
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range2577-2595
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online03 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted19 Jun 2021
Deposited19 Dec 2021
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https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8x389/implicit-motor-learning-in-primary-school-children-a-systematic-review

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