Ethnic differences in barriers and enablers to physical activity among older adults

Journal article


You, Emily, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Wan, Ching Shan, Goh, Anita M. Y., Curran, Eleanor, Chong, Terence W. H., Anstey, Kaarin J., Hanna, Fahad and Ellis, Kathryn A.. (2021). Ethnic differences in barriers and enablers to physical activity among older adults. Frontiers in Public Health. 9, p. Article 691851. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.691851
AuthorsYou, Emily, Lautenschlager, Nicola T., Wan, Ching Shan, Goh, Anita M. Y., Curran, Eleanor, Chong, Terence W. H., Anstey, Kaarin J., Hanna, Fahad and Ellis, Kathryn A.
Abstract

Despite its well-known health benefits, most older adults do not commit to undertaking sufficient physical activity (PA). In this study we aimed to examine the perceived benefits of and barriers and enablers to PA from the perspectives of older Caucasian and Chinese adults living in Australia. Individual and group interviews with 17 Caucasian (mean age: 72.8 years) and 47 Chinese adults (mean age: 74.0 years) were conducted and analysed using thematic analysis. Overall, participants knew about the benefits of PA on physical health but had inconsistent views on its benefits on mental and cognitive health. Older Caucasian and Chinese adults reported similar barriers (e.g., health issues, costs, bad weather and lack of time) and enablers (e.g., improving health; environmental enablers such as adequate and walkable spaces and good natural environment; peer support; and self-motivation) to PA. In comparison, older Chinese adults reported barriers more often, and reported some unique barriers relating to language and culture issues. The findings contribute to developing targeted PA programs for older Caucasian and Chinese adults.

Keywordsbarriers; enablers; ethnicity; older age; physical activity
Year2021
JournalFrontiers in Public Health
Journal citation9, p. Article 691851
PublisherFrontiers Media S.A.
ISSN2296-2565
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.691851
PubMed ID34568253
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85115685414
PubMed Central IDPMC8460870
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-12
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online10 Sep 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted12 Aug 2021
Deposited13 Jan 2022
Grant IDNHMRC/1100579
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