Psychometric properties and correlates of precarious manhood beliefs in 62 nations

Journal article


Bosson, Jennifer K., Jurek, Paweł, Vandello, Joseph A., Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza, Olech, Michał, Besta, Tomasz, Bender, Michael, Hoorens, Vera, Becker, Maja, Timur Sevincer, A, Best, Deborah L., Safdar, Saba, Włodarczyk, Anna, Zawisza, Magdalena, Żadkowska, Magdalena, Abuhamdeh, Sami, Badu Agyemang, Collins, Akbaş, Gülçin, Albayrak-Aydemir, Nihan, ... Žukauskienė, Rita. (2021). Psychometric properties and correlates of precarious manhood beliefs in 62 nations. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 52(3), pp. 231-258. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022121997997
AuthorsBosson, Jennifer K., Jurek, Paweł, Vandello, Joseph A., Kosakowska-Berezecka, Natasza, Olech, Michał, Besta, Tomasz, Bender, Michael, Hoorens, Vera, Becker, Maja, Timur Sevincer, A, Best, Deborah L., Safdar, Saba, Włodarczyk, Anna, Zawisza, Magdalena, Żadkowska, Magdalena, Abuhamdeh, Sami, Badu Agyemang, Collins, Akbaş, Gülçin, Albayrak-Aydemir, Nihan, Ammirati, Soline, Anderson, Joel, Anjum, Gulnaz, Ariyanto, Amarina, Jamir Benzon R. Aruta, John, Ashraf, Mujeeba, Bakaitytė, Aistė, Bertolli, Chiara, Bërxulli, Dashamir, Bi, Chongzeng, Block, Katharina, Boehnke, Mandy, Bongiorno, Renata, Bosak, Janine, Casini, Annalisa, Chen, Qingwei, Chi, Peilian, Cubela Adoric, Vera, Daalmans, Serena, Dandy, Justine, Lemus, Soledad de, Dhakal, Sandesh, Dvorianchikov, Nikolay, Egami, Sonoko, Etchezahar, Edgardo, Sofia Esteves, Carla, Felix, Neto, Froehlich, Laura, García-Sánchez, Efraín, Gavreliuc, Alin, Gavreliuc, Dana, Gomez, Ángel, Guizzo, Francesca, Graf, Sylvie, Greijdanus, Hedy, Grigoryan, Ani, Grzymała-Moszczyńska, Joanna, Guerch, Keltouma, Gustafsson Sendén, Marie, Hale, Miriam-Linnea, Hämer, Hannah, Hirai, Mika, Hoang Duc, Lam, Hřebíčková, Martina, Hutchings, Paul B., Høj Jensen, Dorthe, Jasinskaja-Lahti, Inga, Karabati, Serdar, Kelmendi, Kaltrina, Kengyel, Gabriella, Khachatryan, Narine, Ghazzawi, Rawan, Kinahan, Mary, Kirby, Teri A., Kovács, Monika, Kozlowski, Desirée, Krivoshchekov, Vladislav, Kulich, Clara, Kurosawa, Tai, Thi Lac An, Nhan, Labarthe, Javier, Latu, Ioana, Anne Lauri, Mary, Mankowski, Eric, Musbau Lawal, Abiodun, Li, Junyi, Lindner, Jana, Lindqvist, Anna, Maitner, Angela T., Makarova, Elena, Makashvili, Ana, Malayeri, Shera, Malik, Sadia, Mancini, Tiziana, Manzi, Claudia, Mari, Silvia, Martiny, Sarah E., Mayer, Claude-Hélène, Mihić, Vladimir, Milošević Đorđević, Jasna, Moreno-Bella, Eva, Moscatelli, Silvia, Bryan Moynihan, Andrew, Muller, Dominique, Narhetali, Erita, Neto, Félix, Noels, Kimberly A., Nyúl, Boglárka, O’Connor, Emma C., Ochoa, Danielle P., Ohno, Sachiko, Olanrewaju Adebayo, Sulaiman, Osborne, Randall, Giuseppina Pacilli, Maria, Palacio, Jorge, Patnaik, Snigdha, Pavlopoulos, Vassilis, Pérez de León, Pablo, Piterová, Ivana, Barreiros Porto, Juliana, Puzio, Angelica, Pyrkosz-Pacyna, Joanna, Rentería Pérez, Erico, Renström, Emma, Rousseaux, Tiphaine, Ryan, Michelle K., Sainz, Mario, Salvati, Marco, Samekin, Adil, Schindler, Simon, Seydi, Masoumeh, Shepherd, Debra, Sherbaji, Sara, Schmader, Toni, Simão, Cláudia, Sobhie, Rosita, Souza, Lucille De, Sarter, Emma, Sulejmanović, Dijana, Sullivan, Katie E., Tatsumi, Mariko, Tavitian-Elmadjian, Lucy, Jain Thakur, Suparna, Thi Mong Chi, Quang, Torre, Beatriz, Torres, Ana, Torres, Claudio V., Türkoğlu, Beril, Ungaretti, Joaquín, Valshtein, Timothy, Van Laar, Colette, van der Noll, Jolanda, Vasiutynskyi, Vadym, Vauclair, Christin-Melanie, Venäläinen, Satu, Vohra, Neharika, Walentynowicz, Marta, Ward, Colleen, Yang, Yaping, Yzerbyt, Vincent, Zanello, Valeska, Ludmila Zapata-Calvente, Antonella and Žukauskienė, Rita
Abstract

Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated gender ideologies and with country-level indices of gender equality and human development. Using data from university samples in 62 countries across 13 world regions (N = 33,417), we demonstrate: (1) the psychometric isomorphism of the PMB (i.e., its comparability in meaning and statistical properties across the individual and country levels); (2) the PMB’s distinctness from, and associations with, ambivalent sexism and ambivalence toward men; and (3) associations of the PMB with nation-level gender equality and human development. Findings are discussed in terms of their statistical and theoretical implications for understanding widely-held beliefs about the precariousness of the male gender role.

Keywordspsychometric isomorphism; precarious manhood beliefs; ambivalent sexism; ambivalence toward men
Year2021
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Journal citation52 (3), pp. 231-258
PublisherSAGE Publications Inc.
ISSN0022-0221
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0022022121997997
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85102196306
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range231-258
FunderNational Science Centre
National Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
Czech Science Foundation
Institute of Psychology, Czech Academy of Sciences
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness
European Research Council
Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life, and Welfare
University of Brasilia
Author's accepted manuscript
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online04 Mar 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Jan 2021
Deposited09 Feb 2022
Grant ID2017/26/M/HS6/00360
RL5GM118963
RTI2018-093550-B-I00
20-01214S
RVO: 68081740
ES/S00274X/1
PSI2016-79971-P
ERC-2016-COG 725128
2017-00414
DPI/DIRPE n. 04/2019
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