New urban models for more sustainable, liveable and healthier cities post covid19; reducing air pollution, noise and heat island effects and increasing green space and physical activity
Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.. (2021). New urban models for more sustainable, liveable and healthier cities post covid19; reducing air pollution, noise and heat island effects and increasing green space and physical activity. Environment International. 157, p. Article 106850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2021.106850
|Authors||Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.|
Cities are centres of innovation and wealth creation, but also hotspots of air pollution and noise, heat island effects and lack of green space, which are all detrimental to human health. They are also hotspots of COVID19. COVID19 has led to a rethink of urban public space. Therefore, is it time to re-think our urban models and reduce the health burden?
We provide a narrative meta-review around a number of cutting edge and visionary urban models that that may affect health and that have been reported over the past few years.
New urban concepts such as the Superblocks, the low traffic neighbourhood, 15 Minute city, Car free city or a mixture of these that may go some way in reducing the health burden related to current urban and transport practices. They will reduce air pollution and noise, heat island effects and increase green space and physical activity levels. What is still lacking though is a thorough evaluation of the effectiveness and acceptability of the schemes and the impacts on not only health, but also liveability and sustainability, although they are expected to be positive.
Finally, the COVID19 pandemic may accelerate these developments and stimulus funding like the EU Next Generation funding should be used to make these changes.
|Keywords||cities; traffic; urban planning; transport; COVID19; air pollution; noise; green space; heat; physical activity; superblocks; 15-minute city; low traffic neighbourhoods; car free city|
|Journal citation||157, p. Article 106850|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI)||https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2021.106850|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC8457623|
|Open access||Published as ‘gold’ (paid) open access|
|Research or scholarly||Research|
File Access Level
|Online||13 Sep 2021|
|Publication process dates|
|Accepted||24 Aug 2021|
|Deposited||21 Mar 2022|
|License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0|
|File access level: Open|
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