The Jerubba'al Inscription from Khirbet al-Ra'i : A Proto-Canaanite (Early Alphabetic) inscription

Journal article


Rollston, Christopher, Garfinkel, Yosef, Keimer, Kyle H., Davis, Gillan and Ganor, Saar. (2021). The Jerubba'al Inscription from Khirbet al-Ra'i : A Proto-Canaanite (Early Alphabetic) inscription. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology. 2, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.52486/01.00002.1
AuthorsRollston, Christopher, Garfinkel, Yosef, Keimer, Kyle H., Davis, Gillan and Ganor, Saar
Abstract

This article presents a Proto-Canaanite inscription written in ink on a jug. It was unearthed in 2019 at Khirbet al-Ra‘i, located 4 km west of Tel Lachish, in a level dated to the late twelfth or early eleventh century BCE. Only part of the inscription had survived, with five letters indicating the personal name Yrb‘l ( Jerubba‘al). This name also appears in the biblical tradition, more or less in the same era: “[Gideon] from that day was called Yrb‘l” ( Judg. 6:31–32). This inscription, together with similar inscriptions from Beth-Shemesh and Khirbet Qeiyafa, contributes to a better understanding of the distribution of theophoric names with the element ba‘al in the eleventh–tenth centuries BCE in Judah.

KeywordsProto-Canaanite inscription; Jerubba‘al; Khirbet al-Ra‘i
Year2021
JournalJerusalem Journal of Archaeology
Journal citation2, pp. 1-15
PublisherHebrew University of Jerusalem
ISSN2788-8819
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.52486/01.00002.1
Web address (URL)http://www.tinyurl.com/yj98wbsh
Open accessOpen access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-15
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online2021
Publication process dates
Deposited23 Mar 2022
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