Personal and societal factors on prejudice against Aboriginal people, immigrants, racial minorities, and refugees among churchgoers in Australia

Book chapter


Chui, Helena, Dos Santos Batalha, Maria Luisa, Amaratunga, Savanti and Pepper, Miriam. (2021). Personal and societal factors on prejudice against Aboriginal people, immigrants, racial minorities, and refugees among churchgoers in Australia. In Research in the social scientific study of religion : A diversity of paradigms pp. 273-299 Koninklijke Brill NV. https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004443969_014
AuthorsChui, Helena, Dos Santos Batalha, Maria Luisa, Amaratunga, Savanti and Pepper, Miriam
Abstract

Psychology research on prejudice and religion has predominantly examined the personal factors associated with prejudice, with limited attention to societal factors. The present study analyzed data from the 2011 National Church Life Survey (NCLS) of churchgoers in Australia aged 15 years and over (N = 1,910; MAge = 54.3 years; SD = 19.2 years; range = 15 to 96; 61.0% women; 68.5% native-born) to determine the associations between personal and societal factors on prejudice against Aboriginal people, immigrants, racial minorities, and refugees. Findings showed that both personal and societal factors were associated with prejudice among churchgoers. For personal factors, the experience of church worship, Catholic denomination, and private religious commitment were negatively associated with prejudice. In addition, the immigrant status of the churchgoers was differentially associated with prejudice against Aboriginal people. Specifically, those born in other English-speaking countries were less prejudiced against Aboriginal people, compared to native-born churchgoers. In contrast, those born in non-English-speaking countries were more prejudiced against Aboriginal people than native-born churchgoers. For societal factors, the association between religious diversity and prejudice depended on the immigrant status of the churchgoers. Overall, religious diversity in the church neighborhood was negatively associated with prejudice against immigrants. Compared to the native-borns, immigrant churchgoers from both English-speaking and non-English-speaking countries were more prejudiced against immigrants, controlling for the religious diversity of the church neighborhood. Results are in line with the assertion that an integration of micro-level individual and interpersonal processes with macro-level societal factors represents a fruitful area for future research in prejudice.

Keywordsprejudice; religion; religiosity; Christians; Australia
Page range273-299
Year2021
Book titleResearch in the social scientific study of religion : A diversity of paradigms
PublisherKoninklijke Brill NV
Place of publicationLeiden, The Netherlands
SeriesResearch in the social scientific study of religion ; volume 31
ISBN9789004443488
9789004443969
ISSN1046-8064
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004443969_014
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85110997047
Web address (URL)https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/acu/detail.action?docID=6419884
Publisher's version
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online30 Nov 2020
Print03 Dec 2020
Publication process dates
Deposited05 May 2022
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