Children with cerebral palsy : A cross-sectional study of their sleep and their caregiver's sleep quality, psychological health and well-being

Journal article


Lang, Cathryne P., Boucaut, Amanda, Guppy, Max and Johnston, Leanne M.. (2021). Children with cerebral palsy : A cross-sectional study of their sleep and their caregiver's sleep quality, psychological health and well-being. Child: Care, Health and Development. 47(6), pp. 859-868. https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12897
AuthorsLang, Cathryne P., Boucaut, Amanda, Guppy, Max and Johnston, Leanne M.
Abstract

Background
Children with cerebral palsy (CP) are more likely to experience sleep problems. Their sleep difficulties have been shown to be related to poorer sleep quality for their parents and caregivers. While poor sleep has been linked with poorer psychological health in other populations, few studies have focused on the potential effects of children's and caregivers' sleep disturbance on caregivers' psychological health and well-being in families of children with CP. This study investigated the association between caregivers' psychological health and well-being and their sleep quality and the sleep of their children with CP.

Method
Ninety-four caregivers (86% mothers; age range = 29–76 years) of children with CP aged 4 to 14 years of varying physical abilities (Gross Motor Function Classification Scale expanded and revised—level I (24), II (20), III (16), IV (10), V (24)) were recruited from a state-wide rehabilitation service. Caregivers completed the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21, Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale, Resilience Scale, Pediatric Sleep Questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and a demographic questionnaire.

Results
Sleep problems were reported for 55% of children. Poor sleep quality was reported by 71% of caregivers. While 25% of caregivers reported positive well-being and 86% reported high to very high levels of resilience, 44% reported poor psychological health. Child sleep problems were related to poorer caregiver sleep quality (r = 0.47, p < 0.001). Poorer caregiver sleep quality was related to poorer caregiver psychological health (r = 0.43–0.51, all p < 0.001) and well-being (r = −0.48, p < 0.001), but not resilience (r = 0.18, p = 0.11).

Conclusions
High numbers of children with CP and their caregivers experience poor sleep that extends far past infancy. Poor sleep quality is associated with poorer psychological health and well-being for caregivers. Further development of responsive support services that address caregivers' sleep is essential.

Keywordsanxiety; caregivers; cerebral palsy; depression; resilience; sleep; stress; well-being
Year2021
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
Journal citation47 (6), pp. 859-868
PublisherWiley
ISSN0305-1862
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/cch.12897
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85111166694
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range859-868
FunderNational Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted02 Jul 2021
Deposited27 May 2022
Grant IDNHMRC/EC00417
NHMRC/EC00205
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