Cultivating values : Knower-building in the humanities

Journal article


Doran, Yaegan. (2019). Cultivating values : Knower-building in the humanities. Estudios de Lingüística Aplicada. 37(70), pp. 169-198. https://doi.org/10.22201/enallt.01852647p.2019.70.965
AuthorsDoran, Yaegan
Abstract

[English] This paper explores ‘knower-building’ practices in the humanities from the perspective of Systemic Functional Linguistics and the sociological framework of Legitimation Code Theory. Focusing on a key text from the field of ethnopoetics, it shows how a field can build its specialised ways of seeing the world by developing highly uncommon-sense value systems. It comes at this by stepping through how this text builds nuanced networks of meaning known as axiological constellations that position a range of meanings as relevant to an ever-expanding range of phenomena. It does this through a small set of rhetorical strategies that recur through the text: the positioning of meanings as from a particular perspective; the opposing of such meanings to others; the likening of meanings that at first glance may seem disparate; the charging of these with values; and, finally, the accretion of examples that illustrate the wide ranging scope of the text’s world view. These rhetorical strategies suggest that, for a linguistics that aims to contribute to educational programs, how these ways of knowing are learnt by students is a crucial question.

[Spanish] Este trabajo explora la construcción del conocimiento en las humanidades desde la perspectiva de la Lingüística Sistémico-Funcional y desde el marco sociológico de la teoría de los códigos de legitimación. Mediante el estudio de un texto clave del campo de la etnopoética, se muestra cómo una disciplina construye formas especializadas de ver el mundo mediante el desarrollo de sistemas de valores poco comunes. Se analizó cómo este texto construye redes matizadas de significado o constelaciones axiológicas, que posicionan una gama de significados como relevantes dentro de un espectro de fenómenos en constante ampliación. Esto se consigue a través de un conciso conjunto de estrategias retóricas recurrentes en el texto: el posicionamiento de significados desde una perspectiva particular; la oposición entre dichos significados con otros; la equiparación entre significados que parecen disímiles; la impregnación de valores, y la acumulación de ejemplos que ilustran el alcance amplio de la visión del mundo en el texto. Estas estrategias sugieren que, para una lingüística que apunta a contribuir con programas educativos, cómo aprenden los estudiantes estas maneras de conocer es una pregunta crucial.

KeywordsSystemic Functional Linguistics; Legitimation Code Theory; axiology; rhetorical strategies; ethnopoetics; Lingüística Sistémico- Funcional; teoría de los códigos de legitimación; axiología; estrategias retóricas; etnopoética
Year2019
JournalEstudios de Lingüística Aplicada
Journal citation37 (70), pp. 169-198
PublisherUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México
ISSN0185-2647
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.22201/enallt.01852647p.2019.70.965
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range169-198
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
OnlineDec 2019
Publication process dates
Accepted21 May 2019
Deposited09 Jun 2022
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