Ethnic diversity, social identity, and social withdrawal : Investigating Putnam’s constrict thesis

Journal article


Wickes, Rebecca, Hipp, John and Laughland-Booÿ, Jacqueline. (2022). Ethnic diversity, social identity, and social withdrawal : Investigating Putnam’s constrict thesis. Sociological Quarterly. 63(3), pp. 516-540. https://doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2021.1899087
AuthorsWickes, Rebecca, Hipp, John and Laughland-Booÿ, Jacqueline
Abstract

Since Putnam introduced his constrict thesis in 2007, many researchers have established that ethnic diversity lowers perceptions of social cohesion, at least in the short term. The connection between ethnic diversity and social behavior, however, is less certain. In this paper we draw on social distance and social identity theories to empirically test if ethnic diversity encourages behaviors linked to social withdrawal. Using data from a longitudinal panel study of urban communities in Australia, we examine the influence of social distance on neighborhood ties, neighborly exchange, and civic engagement and assess if an individual’s social identity (ethnic or civic) strengthens or weakens these relationships. We find individuals that endorse an ethnic identity are more likely to engage in social withdrawal behaviors. Withdrawal is also more likely in neighborhoods where individuals distort the presence of minorities.

Keywordssocial distance; social identity; ethnic diversity; immigration
Year2022
JournalSociological Quarterly
Journal citation63 (3), pp. 516-540
PublisherRoutledge
ISSN0038-0253
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1080/00380253.2021.1899087
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85106447942
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range516-540
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online25 May 2021
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Jul 2022
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDARC/LP0453763
ARC/DP0771785
ARC/RO700002
ARC/DP1093960
ARC/DP1094589
ARC/DE130100958
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