Challenges and solutions when adopting DevSecOps : A systematic review

Journal article


Rajapakse, Roshan N., Zahedi, Mansooreh, Babar, M. Ali and Shen, Haifeng. (2022). Challenges and solutions when adopting DevSecOps : A systematic review. Information and Software Technology. 141(106700), p. Article 106700. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2021.106700
AuthorsRajapakse, Roshan N., Zahedi, Mansooreh, Babar, M. Ali and Shen, Haifeng
Abstract

Context:
DevOps (Development and Operations) has become one of the fastest-growing software development paradigms in the industry. However, this trend has presented the challenge of ensuring secure software delivery while maintaining the agility of DevOps. The efforts to integrate security in DevOps have resulted in the DevSecOps paradigm, which is gaining significant interest from both industry and academia. However, the adoption of DevSecOps in practice is proving to be a challenge.

Objective:
This study aims to systemize the knowledge about the challenges faced by practitioners when adopting DevSecOps and the proposed solutions reported in the literature. We also aim to identify the areas that need further research in the future.

Method:
We conducted a Systematic Literature Review of 54 peer-reviewed studies. The thematic analysis method was applied to analyze the extracted data.

Results:
We identified 21 challenges related to adopting DevSecOps, 31 specific solutions, and the mapping between these findings. We also determined key gap areas in this domain by holistically evaluating the available solutions against the challenges. The results of the study were classified into four themes: People, Practices, Tools, and Infrastructure. Our findings demonstrate that tool-related challenges and solutions were the most frequently reported, driven by the need for automation in this paradigm. Shift-left security and continuous security assessment were two key practices recommended for DevSecOps. People-related factors were considered critical for successful DevSecOps adoption but less studied.

Conclusions:
We highlight the need for developer-centered application security testing tools that target the continuous practices in DevSecOps. More research is needed on how the traditionally manual security practices can be automated to suit rapid software deployment cycles. Finally, achieving a suitable balance between the speed of delivery and security is a significant issue practitioners face in the DevSecOps paradigm.

KeywordsDevOps; security; DevSecOps; continuous software engineering; systematic literature Review
Year2022
JournalInformation and Software Technology
Journal citation141 (106700), p. Article 106700
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0950-5849
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infsof.2021.106700
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85114377924
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-22
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online22 Aug 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted27 Jul 2021
Deposited05 Jul 2022
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