Appraisal of economic crisis, psychological distress, and work-unit absenteeism : A 1-1-2 model

Journal article


Montani, Francesco, Leon-Perez, Jose M., Giorgi, Gabriele and Shoss, Mindy K.. (2020). Appraisal of economic crisis, psychological distress, and work-unit absenteeism : A 1-1-2 model. Journal of Business and Psychology. 35(5), pp. 609-620. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-019-09643-w
AuthorsMontani, Francesco, Leon-Perez, Jose M., Giorgi, Gabriele and Shoss, Mindy K.
Abstract

The recent global economic crisis has generated renewed interest in questions regarding the potential impact of such macro-level events on employee well-being and organizational productivity. Drawing on the stress-retention model of absenteeism, this study tests a cross-level model (1-1-2) in which employees’ negative appraisal of economic crisis is associated to work-unit absenteeism through their level of psychological distress. Data were collected after the 2008 global economic crisis in a large Italian company in the field of home furniture that comprises 1160 employees nested in 49 units (facilities or branches). Results from a Multilevel Structural Equation Modeling (MSEM) support the hypothesized model: psychological distress mediates the relationship between appraisal of economic crisis and work-unit absenteeism rate during the subsequent year. These results have implications for managers and other workers with responsibilities for improving productivity and maintaining employees’ well-being in turbulent times.

Keywordseconomic crisis; economic stress; absenteeism; employee well-being; multilevel analysis
Year2020
JournalJournal of Business and Psychology
Journal citation35 (5), pp. 609-620
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0889-3268
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s10869-019-09643-w
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85069436296
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range609-620
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online18 Jul 2019
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Aug 2022
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