Job insecurity : An integrative review and agenda for future research

Journal article


Shoss, Mindy K.. (2017). Job insecurity : An integrative review and agenda for future research. Journal of Management. 43(6), pp. 1911-1939. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206317691574
AuthorsShoss, Mindy K.
Abstract

Job insecurity reflects a threat to the continuity and stability of employment as it is currently experienced. Job insecurity has been the focus of increasing scholarly and popular attention in light of technological, economic, and political changes over the past few decades that have left many insecure about the future of their jobs. Yet, conceptual ambiguities exist; the literature remains fragmented; and there lacks an overarching framework through which to organize and reconcile findings. The goal of this article is to offer an integrative review and conceptual framework that addresses these challenges and provides the groundwork for future research. To that end, it proposes a definition of job insecurity that differentiates it from potential antecedents, moderators, and outcomes. The article addresses antecedents and introduces a typology of mechanisms and threat foci that links antecedents to job insecurity and suggests yet unexplored predictors. Furthermore, the framework developed here considers four overarching mechanisms—stress, social exchange, job preservation motivation, and proactive coping—through which job insecurity leads to various outcomes, and it highlights potential competing tensions inherent in individuals’ responses. Finally, the framework introduces threat features, economic vulnerabilities, and psychological vulnerabilities as three overarching categories of variables that moderate reactions to job insecurity, and it identifies factors that contribute to each. In doing so, it suggests important levers through which to influence reactions to job insecurity; it helps explain variability in past research; and it provides a foundation for future work.

Keywordsjob insecurity; occupational health and safety; psychological contract; organizational change; labor market policies
Year2017
JournalJournal of Management
Journal citation43 (6), pp. 1911-1939
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISSN0149-2063
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206317691574
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85020464602
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1911-1939
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online01 Feb 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Aug 2022
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