Neural multimodal integration underlying synchronization with a co-performer in music : Influences of motor expertise and visual information

Journal article


Timmers, Renee, MacRitchie, Jennifer, Schabrun, Siobhan M., Thapa, Tribikram, Varlet, Manuel and Keller, Peter E.. (2020). Neural multimodal integration underlying synchronization with a co-performer in music : Influences of motor expertise and visual information. Neuroscience Letters. 721, p. Article 134803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2020.134803
AuthorsTimmers, Renee, MacRitchie, Jennifer, Schabrun, Siobhan M., Thapa, Tribikram, Varlet, Manuel and Keller, Peter E.
Abstract

Sensorimotor synchronization is a general skill that musicians have developed to the highest levels of performance, including synchronization in timing and articulation. This study investigated neurocognitive processes that enable such high levels of performance, specifically testing the relevance of 1) motor resonance and sharing high levels of motor expertise with the co-performer, and 2) the role of visual information in addition to auditory information. Musicians with varying levels of piano expertise (including non-pianists) performed on a single piano key with their right hand along with recordings of a pianist who performed simple melodies with the left hand, synchronizing timing and articulation. The prerecorded performances were presented as audio-only, audio-video, or audio-animation stimuli. Double pulse Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (dTMS) was applied to test the contribution of the right dorsal premotor cortex (dPMC), an area implicated in motor resonance with observed (left-hand) actions, and the contribution of the right intraparietal sulcus (IPS), an area known for multisensory binding. Results showed effects of dTMS in the conditions that included visual information. IPS stimulation improved synchronization, although this effect was found to reverse in the video condition with higher levels of piano expertise. dPMC stimulation improved or worsened synchronization ability. Level of piano expertise was found to influence this direction in the video condition. These results indicate that high levels of relevant motor expertise are required to beneficially employ visual and motor information of a co-performer for sensorimotor synchronization, which may qualify the effects of dPMC and IPS involvement.

Keywordssynchronization; motor expertise; dorsal premotor cortex; intraparietal sulcus; sensorimotor integration; music performance; visual information
Year2020
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Journal citation721, p. Article 134803
PublisherElsevier BV
ISSN0304-3940
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neulet.2020.134803
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85078992233
Open accessPublished as green open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-6
FunderLeverhulme International
Australian Research Council
Author's accepted manuscript
License
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Open
Publisher's version
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All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online31 Jan 2020
Publication process dates
Accepted30 Jan 2020
Deposited24 Aug 2022
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDIAF-2015-013
FT140101162
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