Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise : The roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity

Journal article


Smits, Benjamin L. M., Pepping, G. and Hettinga, Florentina J.. (2014). Pacing and decision making in sport and exercise : The roles of perception and action in the regulation of exercise intensity. Sports Medicine. 44, pp. 763-775. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0163-0
AuthorsSmits, Benjamin L. M., Pepping, G. and Hettinga, Florentina J.
Abstract

In pursuit of optimal performance, athletes and physical exercisers alike have to make decisions about how and when to invest their energy. The process of pacing has been associated with the goal-directed regulation of exercise intensity across an exercise bout. The current review explores divergent views on understanding underlying mechanisms of decision making in pacing. Current pacing literature provides a wide range of aspects that might be involved in the determination of an athlete’s pacing strategy, but lacks in explaining how perception and action are coupled in establishing behaviour. In contrast, decision-making literature rooted in the understanding that perception and action are coupled provides refreshing perspectives on explaining the mechanisms that underlie natural interactive behaviour. Contrary to the assumption of behaviour that is managed by a higher-order governor that passively constructs internal representations of the world, an ecological approach is considered. According to this approach, knowledge is rooted in the direct experience of meaningful environmental objects and events in individual environmental processes. To assist a neuropsychological explanation of decision making in exercise regulation, the relevance of the affordance competition hypothesis is explored. By considering pacing as a behavioural expression of continuous decision making, new insights on underlying mechanisms in pacing and optimal performance can be developed.

Year2014
JournalSports Medicine
Journal citation44, pp. 763-775
PublisherSpringer
ISSN0112-1642
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-014-0163-0
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84901695593
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range763-775
Author's accepted manuscript
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online05 Apr 2014
Publication process dates
Deposited04 Nov 2022
Permalink -

https://acuresearchbank.acu.edu.au/item/8y69q/pacing-and-decision-making-in-sport-and-exercise-the-roles-of-perception-and-action-in-the-regulation-of-exercise-intensity

Download files


Author's accepted manuscript
AM_Smits_2014_Pacing_and_decision_making_in_sport.pdf
License: All rights reserved
File access level: Open

Restricted files

Publisher's version

  • 4
    total views
  • 1
    total downloads
  • 0
    views this month
  • 0
    downloads this month
These values are for the period from 19th October 2020, when this repository was created.

Export as

Related outputs

Establishing and applying measurement reliability in perceptual-motor coordination tasks
Johnson, Caleb D., Eagle, Shawn R., LaGoy, Alice D., Sinnott, Aaron, Pepping, Gert-jan and Connaboy, Christopher. (2021). Establishing and applying measurement reliability in perceptual-motor coordination tasks. Ecological Psychology. 33(3-4), pp. 297-311. https://doi.org/10.1080/10407413.2021.1965479
The effects of fatiguing exercise and load carriage on the perception and initiation of movement
Johnson, Caleb D., Eagle, Shawn R., Nindl, Bradley C., Lovalekar, Mita T., Flanagan, Shawn D., Pepping, Gert-Jan and Connaboy, Christopher. (2021). The effects of fatiguing exercise and load carriage on the perception and initiation of movement. European Journal of Sport Science. 21(1), pp. 36-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1725137
Music can induce positive affect before football training, but is it maintained throughout training?
McGuckian, Thomas B. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2021). Music can induce positive affect before football training, but is it maintained throughout training? The Journal of Sport and Exercise Science. 5(1), pp. 39-48. https://doi.org/10.36905/jses.2021.01.06
Differences in affordance-based behaviors within an isolated and confined environment are related to sleep, emotional health and physiological parameters
LaGoy, Alice D., Sinnott, Aaron M., Ambarian, Mikayla, Pepping, Gert-Jan, Simpson, Richard J., Agha, Nadia H., Bower, Joanne L., Alfano, Candice A. and Connaboy, Christopher. (2020). Differences in affordance-based behaviors within an isolated and confined environment are related to sleep, emotional health and physiological parameters. Acta Astronautica. 176, pp. 238-246. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.06.034
Conceptualizing the human health outcomes of acting in natural environments : An ecological perspective
Brymer, Eric, Araújo, Duarte, Davids, Keith and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2020). Conceptualizing the human health outcomes of acting in natural environments : An ecological perspective. Frontiers in Psychology. 11, p. 1362. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.01362
Cognitive performance during prolonged periods in isolated, confined, and extreme environments
Connaboy, Christopher, Sinnott, Aaron M., LaGoy, Alice D., Krajewski, Kellen T., Johnson, Caleb D., Pepping, Gert-Jan, Simpson, Richard J., Bower, Joanne L. and Alfano, Candice A.. (2020). Cognitive performance during prolonged periods in isolated, confined, and extreme environments. Acta Astronautica. 177, pp. 545-551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actaastro.2020.08.018
The association between visual exploration and passing performance in high-level U13 and U23 football players
McGuckian, Thomas B., Beavan, Adam, Mayer, Jan, Chalkley, Daniel and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2020). The association between visual exploration and passing performance in high-level U13 and U23 football players. Science and Medicine in Football. 4(4), pp. 278-284. https://doi.org/10.1080/24733938.2020.1769174
Increased Risk of Musculoskeletal Injury Following Sport-Related Concussion: A Perception–Action Coupling Approach
Shawn R. Eagle, Anthony P. Kontos, Gert-Jan Pepping, Caleb D. Johnson, Aaron Sinnott, Alice D. LaGoy and Christopher Connaboy. (2020). Increased Risk of Musculoskeletal Injury Following Sport-Related Concussion: A Perception–Action Coupling Approach. Sports Medicine. 50, pp. 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-019-01144-3
Constraints on visual exploration of youth football players during 11v11 match-play : The influence of playing role, pitch position and phase of play
McGuckian, Thomas B., Cole, Michael H., Chalkley, Daniel, Jordet, Geir and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2020). Constraints on visual exploration of youth football players during 11v11 match-play : The influence of playing role, pitch position and phase of play. Journal of Sports Sciences. 38(6), pp. 658-668. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2020.1723375
Learner-adapted practice promotes skill transfer in unskilled adults learning the basketball set shot
Porter, Courtney Rose, Greenwood, Daniel, Panchuk, Derek and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2020). Learner-adapted practice promotes skill transfer in unskilled adults learning the basketball set shot. European Journal of Sport Science. 20(1), pp. 61 - 71. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2019.1611931
Flipping sport psychology theory into practice : A context- and behavior centered approach
Jordet, Geir and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Flipping sport psychology theory into practice : A context- and behavior centered approach. In In Cappuccio, Massimilano, L. (Ed.). Handbook of embodied cognition and sport psychology pp. 75-98 MIT Press.
Action boundary proximity effects on perceptual-motor judgments
Johnson, Caleb D., LaGoy, Alice D., Pepping, Gert-Jan, Eagle, Shawn R., Beethe, Anne Z., Bower, Joanne L., Alfano, Candice A., Simpson, Richard J. and Connaboy, Christopher. (2019). Action boundary proximity effects on perceptual-motor judgments. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. 90(12), pp. 1000-1008. https://doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5376.2019
Associations between gait-related falls and gait adaptations when stepping onto a curb: A prospective falls study
Van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Associations between gait-related falls and gait adaptations when stepping onto a curb: A prospective falls study. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity. 27(3), pp. 309 - 315. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2018-0124
Using microtechnology to quantify torso angle during match-play in field hockey
Warman, Geoffrey Ernest, Cole, Michael H., Chalkley, Daniel, Johnston, richard and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Using microtechnology to quantify torso angle during match-play in field hockey. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 33(10), pp. 2648 - 2654. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000003238
Principles of the guidance of exploration for orientation and specification of action
van Andel, Steven, McGuckian, Thomas B., Chalkley, Daniel, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Principles of the guidance of exploration for orientation and specification of action. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 13, p. Article 231. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2019.00231
Visual exploration when surrounded by affordances : Frequency of head movements is predictive of response speed
McGuckian, Thomas B., Cole, Michael H., Chalkley, Daniel, Jordet, Geir and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Visual exploration when surrounded by affordances : Frequency of head movements is predictive of response speed. Ecological Psychology. 31(1), pp. 30-48. https://doi.org/10.1080/10407413.2018.1495548
Intersession reliability and within-session stability of a novel perception-action coupling task
Connaboy, Christopher, Johnson, Caleb D., LaGoy, Alice D., Pepping, Gert-Jan, Simpson, Richard J., Deng, Zhigang, Ma, Luming, Bower, Joanne L., Eagle, Shawn R., Flanagan, Shawn D. and Alfano, Candice A.. (2019). Intersession reliability and within-session stability of a novel perception-action coupling task. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance. 90(2), pp. 77-83. https://doi.org/10.3357/AMHP.5190.2019
Influence of age and falls incidence on tau guidance of centre of pressure movement during gait initiation
Van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2019). Influence of age and falls incidence on tau guidance of centre of pressure movement during gait initiation. Gait & Posture. 70, pp. 104 - 108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2019.02.030
Development and validation of a sensor-based algorithm for detecting visual exploratory actions
Chalkley, Daniel, Shepherd, Jonathan, McGuckian, Thomas B. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2018). Development and validation of a sensor-based algorithm for detecting visual exploratory actions. IEEE Sensors Letters. 2(2), pp. 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1109/LSENS.2018.2839703
Children's perception of action boundaries and how it affects their climbing behavior
Croft, James L., Pepping, Gert-Jan, Button, Chris and Chow, Jia-Yi. (2018). Children's perception of action boundaries and how it affects their climbing behavior. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 166, pp. 134 - 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2017.07.012
Don’t turn blind! The relationship between exploration before ball possession and on-ball performance in association football
McGuckian, Thomas B., Cole, Michael H., Jordet, Geir, Chalkley, Daniel and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2018). Don’t turn blind! The relationship between exploration before ball possession and on-ball performance in association football. Frontiers in Psychology. 9(Article 2520). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02520
Perceptual-motor regulation in locomotor pointing while approaching a curb
Van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2018). Perceptual-motor regulation in locomotor pointing while approaching a curb. Gait & Posture. 60(February 2018), pp. 164 - 170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.12.006
A systematic review of the technology-based assessment of visual perception and exploration behaviour in association football
McGuckian, Thomas B., Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2018). A systematic review of the technology-based assessment of visual perception and exploration behaviour in association football. Journal of Sports Sciences. 36(8), pp. 861-880. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2017.1344780
Regulation of locomotor pointing across the lifespan: Investigating age-related influences on perceptual-motor coupling
van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2018). Regulation of locomotor pointing across the lifespan: Investigating age-related influences on perceptual-motor coupling. PLoS ONE. 13(7), pp. 1 - 16. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200244
The science of racing against opponents: affordance competition and the regulation of exercise intensity in head-to-head competition
Hettinga, Florentina J., Konings, Marco J. and Pepping, Gert. (2017). The science of racing against opponents: affordance competition and the regulation of exercise intensity in head-to-head competition. Frontiers in Physiology. 8, pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2017.00118
When a fly ball is out of reach: catchability judgments are not based on optical acceleration cancelation.
Postma, Dees, Smith, Joanne, Pepping, Gert, Van Andel, Steven and Zaal, Frank T. J. M.. (2017). When a fly ball is out of reach: catchability judgments are not based on optical acceleration cancelation. Frontiers in Psychology. 8(535), pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00535
When a fly ball is out of reach: Catchability judgments are not based on optical acceleration cancelation
Postma, Dees B. W., Smith, Joanne, Pepping, Gert-Jan, van Andel, Steven and Zaal, Frank T. J. M.. (2017). When a fly ball is out of reach: Catchability judgments are not based on optical acceleration cancelation. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, pp. 1 - 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00535
Factors affecting measurement of salivary cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin a in field studies of athletes
Pritchard, Barry, Stanton, Warren, Lord, Roger, Petocz, Peter and Pepping, Gert J.. (2017). Factors affecting measurement of salivary cortisol and secretory immunoglobulin a in field studies of athletes. Frontiers in Endocrinology. 8(168), pp. 1 - 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fendo.2017.00168
A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities
van Andel, Steven, Cole, Michael H. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2016). A systematic review on perceptual-motor calibration to changes in action capabilities. Human Movement Science. 51(1), pp. 59-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2016.11.004
Cycling in the absence of task-related feedback: Effects on pacing and performance
Smits, Benjamin L., Polman, Remco C., Otten, Bert, Pepping, Gert-jan and Hettinga, Florentina J.. (2016). Cycling in the absence of task-related feedback: Effects on pacing and performance. Frontiers in Physiology. 7(AUG), pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00348
Cycling in the absence of task-related feedback: Effects on pacing and performance
Smits, Benjamin L. M., Polman, Remco C. J., Otten, Bert, Pepping, Gert-Jan and Hettinga, Florentina J.. (2016). Cycling in the absence of task-related feedback: Effects on pacing and performance. Frontiers in Physiology. 7, pp. 1 - 9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2016.00348
A comparison of coping-styles of individual and team athletes of Australia and the Netherlands
Dollen, Marije, Grove, Robert and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2015). A comparison of coping-styles of individual and team athletes of Australia and the Netherlands. International Sports Studies. 37(2), pp. 26-48.
Smith 2014 Extrinsic tau-coupling and the regulation of interceptive reaching under varying task constraints
Smith, Joanne, Grealy, Madeleine and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2014). Smith 2014 Extrinsic tau-coupling and the regulation of interceptive reaching under varying task constraints. Motor Control. 18(4), pp. 347-367. https://doi.org/10.1123/mc.2013-0107
Shaping decisions in volleyball : An ecological approach to decision-making in volleyball passing
Barsingerhorn, Annemiek D., Zaal, Frank TJM, De Poel, Harjo J. and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2013). Shaping decisions in volleyball : An ecological approach to decision-making in volleyball passing. International Journal of Sports Psychology.
Shaping decisions in volleyball: An ecological approach to decision-making in volleyball passing
Barsingerhorn, Annemiek D., Zaal, Frank T. J. M., De Poel, Harjo J. and Pepping, Gert-jan. (2013). Shaping decisions in volleyball: An ecological approach to decision-making in volleyball passing. International Journal of Sport Psychology. 44(3), pp. 197 - 214. https://doi.org/10.7352/IJSP.2013.44.197
Let's Pick Him! : Ratings of Skill Level on the Basis of In-Game Playing Behaviour in Bantam League Junior Ice Hockey
Tromp, E J Evonne, Pepping, Gert-Jan, Lyons, Jim, Elferink-Gemser, Marije T. and Visscher, Chris. (2013). Let's Pick Him! : Ratings of Skill Level on the Basis of In-Game Playing Behaviour in Bantam League Junior Ice Hockey. International Journal of Sports Science and Coaching. https://doi.org/10.1260/1747-9541.8.4.641
Affordances can invite behaviour : Reconsidering the relationship between affordances and agency
Withagen, Rob, De Poel, Harjo J., Araujo, Duarte and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2012). Affordances can invite behaviour : Reconsidering the relationship between affordances and agency. New Ideas in Psychology. 30(2), pp. 250 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2011.12.003
Affordances can invite behaviour : Reconsidering the relationship between affordances and agency
Withagen, Rob, De Poel, Harjo J, Araujo, Duarte and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2012). Affordances can invite behaviour : Reconsidering the relationship between affordances and agency. New Ideas in Psychology. 30(2), pp. 250 - 258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2011.12.003
Self-regulation of learning and relative age in elite youth soccer : International versus National level players
Toering, Tynke, Elferink-Gemser, Marije T., Jordet, Geir, Pepping, Gert-Jan and Visscher, Chris. (2012). Self-regulation of learning and relative age in elite youth soccer : International versus National level players. International Journal of Sports Psychology. 43(4), pp. 312 - 325.
Prospective guidance in a free-swimming cell
Delafield-Butt, Jonathan, Pepping, Gert-Jan, McCaig, Colin and Lee, David. (2012). Prospective guidance in a free-swimming cell. Biological Cybernetics. 106(4-5), pp. 283 - 293. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00422-012-0495-5
Oxytocin and the biopsychology of performance in team sports
Pepping, Gert-Jan and Timmermans, Erik. (2012). Oxytocin and the biopsychology of performance in team sports. The Scientific World Journal. 2012, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/567363
Oxytocin and the biopsychology of performance in team sports
Pepping, Gert-Jan and Timmermans, Erik. (2012). Oxytocin and the biopsychology of performance in team sports. The Scientific World Journal. 2012, pp. 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/567363
Base on balls for the Chapman strategy : Reassessing Brouwer, Brenner, and Smeets (2002)
Zaal, Frank TJM, Bongers, Raoul, Pepping, Gert-Jan and Bootsma, Reinoud. (2012). Base on balls for the Chapman strategy : Reassessing Brouwer, Brenner, and Smeets (2002). Attention, Perception & Psychophysics. 74(7), pp. 1488 - 1498. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-012-0328-6
On possibilities for action : The past, present and future of affordance research
Barsingerhorn, Annemiek D., Zaal, Frank TJM and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2012). On possibilities for action : The past, present and future of affordance research. AVANT: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies. 3(2), pp. 54 - 69.
Affordances shape pass kick behaviour in association football :Effects of distance and social context
Pepping, Gert-Jan, Heijmerikx, Johan and De Poel, Harjo J. (2011). Affordances shape pass kick behaviour in association football :Effects of distance and social context. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte. 20(2), pp. 709 - 727.
Self-regulation of practice behaviour among elite youth soccer players :An exploratory study
Toering, Tynke, Elferink-Gemser, Marije T., Jordet, Geir, Pepping, Gert-Jan, Jorna, Casper and Visscher, Chris. (2011). Self-regulation of practice behaviour among elite youth soccer players :An exploratory study. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. 23(1), pp. 110 - 128. https://doi.org/10.1080/10413200.2010.534544
Risk factors for patellar tendinopathy :A systematic review of the literature
Van der Worp, Henk, van Ark, Mathijs, Roerink, Saskia, Pepping, Gert-Jan, van den Akker-Scheek, Inge and Zwerver, Johannes. (2011). Risk factors for patellar tendinopathy :A systematic review of the literature. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 45(5), pp. 446 - 452. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2011.084079
Goalkeeping secrets of how to save penalties in soccer
Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2010). Goalkeeping secrets of how to save penalties in soccer. In In R. Bongers, S. Caljouw and E. Hartman & R. den Otter (Ed.). Smart movements: 25 years of Kinesiology Groningen pp. 92 - 93 Interfaculty Centre for Human Movement Sciences (ICBW) Groningen.
Emotional contagion in soccer penalty shootouts : Celebration of individual success is associated with ultimate team success
Moll, Tjerk, Jordet, Geir and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2010). Emotional contagion in soccer penalty shootouts : Celebration of individual success is associated with ultimate team success. Journal of Sports Sciences. 28(9), pp. 983 - 992. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2010.484068
Patient guided piezo-electric extracorporeal shockwave therapy as treatment for chronic severe patellar tendinopathy : A pilot study
Zwerver, Johannes, Dekker, Femke and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2010). Patient guided piezo-electric extracorporeal shockwave therapy as treatment for chronic severe patellar tendinopathy : A pilot study. Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation. 23(3), pp. 111 - 116. https://doi.org/10.3233/BMR-2010-0257
Effects of affordance perception on the initiation and actualization of action
Smith, Joanne and Pepping, Gert-Jan. (2010). Effects of affordance perception on the initiation and actualization of action. Ecological Psychology. 22(2), pp. 119 - 149. https://doi.org/10.1080/10407411003720080
Participation in sports by lower limb amputees in the Province of Drenthe, the Netherlands
Kars, Cojanne, Hofman, Marianne, Geertzen, Jan H.B., Pepping, Gert-Jan and Dekker, Rienk. (2009). Participation in sports by lower limb amputees in the Province of Drenthe, the Netherlands. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. 33(4), pp. 356 - 367. https://doi.org/10.3109/03093640902984579
The role of haptic exploration of ground surface information in perception of overhead reachability
Pepping, Gert-Jan and Li, Francois-Xavier. (2008). The role of haptic exploration of ground surface information in perception of overhead reachability. Journal of Motor Behavior. 40(6), pp. 491 - 498. https://doi.org/10.3200/JMBR.40.6.491-498
No effect of a graded training program on the number of running-related injuries in novice runners. A randomized controlled trial.
Buist, Ida, Bredeweg, Steef W., van Mechelen, Willem, Lemmink, Koen A. P. M., Pepping, Gert-Jan and Diercks, Ron L.. (2008). No effect of a graded training program on the number of running-related injuries in novice runners. A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 36(1), pp. 33 - 39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546507307505
TauG-guidance of transients in expressive musical performance
Schogler, Benjaman, Pepping, Gert-Jan and Lee, David N.. (2008). TauG-guidance of transients in expressive musical performance. Experimental Brain Research. 189(3), pp. 361 - 372. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-008-1431-8