Development of category formation for faces differing by age in 9- to 12-month-olds : An effect of experience with infant faces

Journal article


Damon, Fabrice, Quinn, Paul C., Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Lee, Kang and Pascalis, Olivier. (2016). Development of category formation for faces differing by age in 9- to 12-month-olds : An effect of experience with infant faces. British Journal of Developmental Psychology. 34(4), pp. 582-597. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12152
AuthorsDamon, Fabrice, Quinn, Paul C., Heron-Delaney, Michelle, Lee, Kang and Pascalis, Olivier
Abstract

We examined category formation for faces differing in age in 9- and 12-month-olds, and the influence of exposure to infant faces on such ability. Infants were familiarized with adult or infant faces, and then tested with a novel exemplar from the familiarized category paired with a novel exemplar from a novel category (Experiment 1). Both age groups formed discrete categories of adult and infant faces, but exposure to infant faces in everyday life did not modulate performance. The same task was conducted with child versus infant faces (Experiment 2). Whereas 9-month-olds preferred infant faces after familiarization with child faces, but not child faces after familiarization with infant faces, 12-month-olds formed discrete categories of child and infant faces. Moreover, more exposure to infant faces correlated with higher novel category preference scores when infants were familiarized with infant faces in 12-month-olds, but not 9-month-olds. The 9-month-old asymmetry did not reflect spontaneous preference for infant over child faces (Experiment 3). These findings indicate that 9- and 12-month-olds can form age-based categories of faces. The ability of 12-month-olds to form separate child and infant categories suggests that they have a more exclusive representation of face age, one that may be influenced by prior experience with infant faces.

Keywordscategory formation; infant cognition; face perception; face age
Year2016
JournalBritish Journal of Developmental Psychology
Journal citation34 (4), pp. 582-597
PublisherWiley
ISSN0261-510X
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12152
PubMed ID27393740
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85028265217
PubMed Central IDPMC5064872
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range582-597
FunderNational Institutes of Health (NIH), United States of America
Department of Research and Higher Education, French Government
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Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online09 Jul 2016
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Deposited16 Nov 2022
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