Gratitude and loneliness in daily life across the adult lifespan

Journal article

Chui, Helena and Diehl, Manfred. (2021). Gratitude and loneliness in daily life across the adult lifespan. Current Psychology. 42, p. 11793–11808.
AuthorsChui, Helena and Diehl, Manfred

This study examined the association between gratitude and loneliness across the adult lifespan using a seven-day daily diary study design. The sample consisted of young, middle-aged, and older adults (N = 128; age M = 56.7 years; SD = 18.7 years; range = 24.2–90.2 years; 46% women). A significant Age × Gender × Gratitude interaction effect on loneliness indicated that gratitude and loneliness were negatively associated in general. Results of simple slopes analyses showed that gender differences in loneliness were significant in young adults who were more grateful and in older adults who were less grateful. Women were less lonely than men, on average, and the gender difference was significant for those younger and more grateful, or older and less grateful. Thus, the beneficial effect of gratitude on loneliness differed across age and gender. These findings suggest that the potential benefits of gratitude on social relationships and emotional well-being, such as loneliness, should be examined differentially for men and women and in the context of changing social relationships in the aging process.

Keywordsgratitude; loneliness; emotional well-being; social relationships; aging
JournalCurrent Psychology
Journal citation42, p. 11793–11808
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85118851374
Web address (URL)
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-16
FunderNational Institute on Aging (NIA), National Institutes of Health
Publisher's version
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online12 Nov 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted04 Nov 2021
Deposited23 Nov 2022
Additional information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021.

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