Interventions to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in elementary school physical education lessons : Systematic review

Journal article


Wong, Lan S., Gibson, Ann-Marie, Farooq, Abdulaziz and Reilly, John J.. (2021). Interventions to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in elementary school physical education lessons : Systematic review. Journal of School Health. 91(10), pp. 836-845. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.13070
AuthorsWong, Lan S., Gibson, Ann-Marie, Farooq, Abdulaziz and Reilly, John J.
Abstract

BACKGROUND
This systematic review aimed to synthesize recent evidence on interventions to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) content of physical education (PE) in children age 8 to 11.

METHODS
A search of 6 databases was conducted in December 2019. Controlled intervention studies were included so long as they used objective measures of MVPA. Methodological quality was assessed using the appropriate Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) Checklist. Random effects meta-analysis was used where appropriate.

RESULTS
Of the 5459 records, only 5 studies met all inclusion criteria, reporting on 1452 participants; 3 quasi-experimental studies and 2 RCTs. All 5 eligible studies reported favorable intervention effects. Meta-analysis was possible from 4/5 studies: the mean difference between intervention and control groups at follow-up was +14.3% of lesson time in MVPA (confidence interval [CI] 2.7 to 25.8).

CONCLUSIONS
Efforts to increase the MVPA content of elementary school PE are achievable. Two studies employed PE specialist teachers and 1 study used an expert instructor as their intervention, 2 studies worked with the class teachers using self-determination theory. All studies focused on health (MVPA) outcomes and included either “fitness infusions” or physically active games to engage students' in physical activities and increase their activity level.

Keywordsphysical education; moderate-to-vigorous-physical activity; physical activity; activity level; fitness; student
Year2021
JournalJournal of School Health
Journal citation91 (10), pp. 836-845
PublisherWiley
ISSN0022-4391
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.13070
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85113290402
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range836-845
Author's accepted manuscript
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All rights reserved
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Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online25 Aug 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted28 Jan 2021
Deposited25 Nov 2022
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