Gender differences in self-compassion: a latent profile analysis of compassionate and uncompassionate self-relating in a large adolescent sample

Journal article


Ferrari, Madeleine, Beath, Alissa P., Einstein, Danielle A., Yap, Ann Keong and Hunt, Caroline. (2022). Gender differences in self-compassion: a latent profile analysis of compassionate and uncompassionate self-relating in a large adolescent sample. Current Psychology. pp. 1-16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03408-0
AuthorsFerrari, Madeleine, Beath, Alissa P., Einstein, Danielle A., Yap, Ann Keong and Hunt, Caroline
Abstract

Self-compassion, a healthy way of relating to oneself, may promote psychological resilience during adolescence. How adolescents engage with self-compassion, and whether they have distinct self-compassionate or uncompassionate psychological profiles, is unclear. This study investigated potential self-compassion profiles based on responses to the Self-Compassion Scale–Short Form (SCS-SF) and examined their relationship with a range of mental health symptoms and cognitive and emotional tendencies. A large cross-sectional sample of high school students (N = 950; Mage = 13.70 years, SDage = 0.72, range = 12 to 16 years; 434 female and 495 male) completed several online self-report measures including the SCS-SF. Latent profile analysis identified parsimonious self-compassion profiles by gender using the six SCS-SF subscales. Five female profiles included ‘Low Self-Relating’, ‘Uncompassionate’, ‘High Self-Relating’, ‘Moderately Compassionate’ and ‘Highly Compassionate’. Comparatively, two male profiles included ‘Low Self-Relating’ and ‘Moderately Self-Relating’. Low Self-Relating involved low levels of both compassionate and uncompassionate responding, and Moderately Self-Relating involved higher levels of both. Low Self-Relating and Highly Compassionate profiles for females consistently reported lower levels of anxiety and depression symptoms, maladaptive perfectionism, intolerance of uncertainty, repetitive thinking and avoidance-fusion thinking patterns compared to the other female profiles. Low Self-Relating males reported more adaptive outcomes compared to Moderate Self-Relating males. These findings illustrate important adolescent gender differences in compassionate and uncompassionate self-response profiles. Results suggest self-compassion is an important psychological construct with diverse mental health benefits for females, whereas for males a lack of attachment to either response styles are linked with better psychological outcomes.

KeywordsAdolescent; Emotion Regulation; Latent Profile Analysis; Mental Health; Self-Compassion
Year01 Jan 2022
JournalCurrent Psychology
Journal citationpp. 1-16
PublisherSpringer New York LLC
ISSN1046-1310
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03408-0
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85135369530
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12144-022-03408-0
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Research or scholarlyResearch
Page range1-16
Publisher's version
License
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Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online06 Aug 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted24 Jun 2022
Deposited06 Jan 2023
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© Copyright 2022 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Place of publicationUnited States
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