Saudi women’s breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practices : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Alahmed, Salma, Meedya, Shahla, Al Mutai, Abbas and Fernandez, Ritin. (2023). Saudi women’s breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practices : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Transcultural Nursing. 34(1), pp. 68-82. https://doi.org/10.1177/10436596221129228
AuthorsAlahmed, Salma, Meedya, Shahla, Al Mutai, Abbas and Fernandez, Ritin
Abstract

Introduction:
Despite the health benefits of breastfeeding, Saudi women do not exclusively breastfeed their babies. The purpose of this article was to synthesize Saudi women’s breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, and practices and identify the factors that women reported for their breastfeeding cessation.

Methodology:
A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials and cross-sectional studies was undertaken.

Results:
Saudi women reported poor knowledge in managing breastfeeding challenges and had a positive attitude toward formula feeding. Giving premade formula and sugar water was a common practice. The breastfeeding initiation rate (31.5%, 95% confidence interval [CI]: [22%, 41.8%]) and exclusive breastfeeding at 6 months were low (15.15, 95% CI: [8%, 24%]). Perceived low milk supply, returning to work, and using contraception were the main reasons for early breastfeeding cessation.

Discussion:
The integration of Islamic, political, and economic cultures in Saudi Arabia can influence women’s breastfeeding practices. There is a need for culturally appropriate breastfeeding educational programs for Saudi women.

Keywordsbreastfeeding; knowledge; attitude; practice; influencing factors; culture; Saudi women; Saudi Arabia; Arabic women
Year2023
JournalJournal of Transcultural Nursing
Journal citation34 (1), pp. 68-82
PublisherSAGE Publications
ISSN1043-6596
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1177/10436596221129228
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85143770100
Page range68-82
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online14 Oct 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited11 Jan 2023
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