Interrupting prolonged sitting with regular activity breaks does not acutely influence appetite : A Randomised controlled trial

Journal article


Mete, Evelyn M., Perry, Tracy L., Haszard, Jillian J., Homer, Ashleigh R., Fenemor, Stephen P., Rehrer, Nancy J., Skeaff, C. Murray and Peddie, Meredith C.. (2018). Interrupting prolonged sitting with regular activity breaks does not acutely influence appetite : A Randomised controlled trial. Nutrients. 10(2), p. Article 125. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020125
AuthorsMete, Evelyn M., Perry, Tracy L., Haszard, Jillian J., Homer, Ashleigh R., Fenemor, Stephen P., Rehrer, Nancy J., Skeaff, C. Murray and Peddie, Meredith C.
Abstract

Regular activity breaks increase energy expenditure; however, this may promote compensatory eating behaviour. The present study compared the effects of regular activity breaks and prolonged sitting on appetite. In a randomised, cross-over trial, 36 healthy adults (BMI (Body Mass Index) 23.9 kg/m2 (S.D. = 3.9)) completed four, two-day interventions: two with prolonged sitting (SIT), and two with sitting and 2 min of walking every 30 min (RAB). Standardized meals were provided throughout the intervention, with an ad libitum meal at the end of Day 2. Appetite and satiety were assessed throughout both days of each intervention using five visual analogue scales. The five responses were combined into a single appetite response at each time point. The area under the appetite response curve (AUC) was calculated for each day. Intervention effects for appetite response AUC and ad libitum meal intake were tested using linear mixed models. Appetite AUC did not differ between interventions (standardised effect of RAB compared to SIT: Day 1: 0.11; 95% CI: −0.28, 0.06; p = 0.212; Day 2: 0.04; 95% CI: −0.15, 0.24; p = 0.648). There was no significant difference in energy consumed at the ad libitum lunch meal on Day 2 between RAB and SIT. Interrupting prolonged sitting with regular activity breaks does not acutely influence appetite or volume of food consumed, despite inferred increases in energy expenditure. Longer-term investigation into the effects of regular activity breaks on energy balance is warranted.

Keywordsregular activity breaks; sedentary; appetite; randomized controlled trial
Year2018
JournalNutrients
Journal citation10 (2), p. Article 125
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI AG)
ISSN2072-6643
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10020125
PubMed ID29373503
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85041038359
PubMed Central IDPMC5852701
Open accessPublished as ‘gold’ (paid) open access
Page range1-11
FunderNational Heart Foundation of New Zealand
Lotteries Health Research
University of Otago
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online26 Jan 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted23 Jan 2018
Deposited18 Jan 2023
Grant ID1527
326803
1518
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