How muscles aperformance in accelerated sprinting

Journal article


Pandy, Marcus G., Lai, Adrian K. M., Schache, Anthony and Lin, Yi-Chung. (2021). How muscles aperformance in accelerated sprinting. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 31(10), pp. 1882-1896. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14021
AuthorsPandy, Marcus G., Lai, Adrian K. M., Schache, Anthony and Lin, Yi-Chung
Abstract

We sought to provide a more comprehensive understanding of how the individual leg muscles act synergistically to generate a ground force impulse and maximize the change in forward momentum of the body during accelerated sprinting. We combined musculoskeletal modelling with gait data to simulate the majority of the acceleration phase (19 foot contacts) of a maximal sprint over ground. Individual muscle contributions to the ground force impulse were found by evaluating each muscle's contribution to the vertical and fore-aft components of the ground force (termed “supporter” and “accelerator/brake,” respectively). The ankle plantarflexors played a major role in achieving maximal-effort accelerated sprinting. Soleus acted primarily as a supporter by generating a large fraction of the upward impulse at each step whereas gastrocnemius contributed appreciably to the propulsive and upward impulses and functioned as both accelerator and supporter. The primary role of the vasti was to deliver an upward impulse to the body (supporter), but these muscles also acted as a brake by retarding forward momentum. The hamstrings and gluteus medius functioned primarily as accelerators. Gluteus maximus was neither an accelerator nor supporter as it functioned mainly to decelerate the swinging leg in preparation for foot contact at the next step. Fundamental knowledge of lower-limb muscle function during maximum acceleration sprinting is of interest to coaches endeavoring to optimize sprint performance in elite athletes as well as sports medicine clinicians aiming to improve injury prevention and rehabilitation practices.

Keywordsgluteal; hamstring; impulse; plantarflexor; propulsion; running
Year2021
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Journal citation31 (10), pp. 1882-1896
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
ISSN0905-7188
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14021
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85111171371
Page range1882-1896
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online27 Jul 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted10 Jul 2021
Deposited08 Feb 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDLP110100262
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