Perceptions of parent stressors in the neonatal intensive care unit among the general public and healthcare professionals

Journal article


Pritchard, Verena E. and Rizkallah, Sarah. (2022). Perceptions of parent stressors in the neonatal intensive care unit among the general public and healthcare professionals. Journal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing. 36(2), pp. 186-197. https://doi.org/10.1097/JPN.0000000000000643
AuthorsPritchard, Verena E. and Rizkallah, Sarah
Abstract

Objectives:
Intervention efforts to improve the psychosocial well-being of parents with an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are high priority. This study assessed public and healthcare professionals' perceptions of prominent NICU stressors to highlight areas where NICU parents are in need of further support. Relations with sample characteristics were also examined to establish the generalizability of known parent demographic/sociofamilial risk factors.

Methods:
A cross-sectional design was used to assess public (n = 96) and staff (n = 55) responses on the Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS:NICU).

Results:
The public perceived parental stress as being low to moderate. This was significantly lower than the staff estimate and highly comparable with past parent reports. Staff communication was perceived as most stressful by the public with this influenced by gender and education. Staff with more NICU experience were more likely to overestimate parental stress, particularly those working at the highest care level.

Conclusions:
Collectively, these findings highlight preconceived anxiety around staff communication and behaviors and indicate that education on the potential for traumatic unit experiences to influence staff-parent communication may be important.

Keywordsneonatal intensive care unit; PSS:NICU; public perceptions; staff perceptions
Year2022
JournalJournal of Perinatal and Neonatal Nursing
Journal citation36 (2), pp. 186-197
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN1550-5073
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1097/JPN.0000000000000643
PubMed ID35476773
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85128939403
Page range186-197
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online2022
Publication process dates
Accepted10 Sep 2021
Deposited27 Jun 2023
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