The association between poor reading and internalising problems : A systematic review and meta-analysis

Journal article


Francis, Deanna A., Caruana, Nathan, Hudson, Jennifer L. and McArthur, Genevieve M.. (2019). The association between poor reading and internalising problems : A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Psychology Review. 67, pp. 45-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.09.002
AuthorsFrancis, Deanna A., Caruana, Nathan, Hudson, Jennifer L. and McArthur, Genevieve M.
Abstract

Numerous studies have demonstrated an association between learning disabilities and internalising problems such as anxiety and depression. However, our understanding of this association for people with specific types of learning disability – such as poor reading – is poorly understood. Here, we present the first systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that have examined associations between poor reading and internalising problems – including anxiety and depression – in children, adolescents, and adults. Our systematic search identified 34 studies comprising 16,275 participants (N = 2491 poor readers). Our meta-analysis revealed statistically significant differences between poor readers and typical readers on general measures of internalising problems (d = 0.41), as well as specific measures of anxiety (d = 0.41) and depression (d = 0.23). These outcomes suggest that poor readers are at moderate risk for experiencing internalising problems compared to typical readers, which appears to stem from a greater risk for anxiety than depression.

Keywordspoor reading; internalising; anxiety; depression
Year2019
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Journal citation67, pp. 45-60
PublisherElsevier Ltd
ISSN0272-7358
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cpr.2018.09.002
PubMed ID30528985
Scopus EID2-s2.0-85055270063
Page range45-60
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online15 Sep 2018
Publication process dates
Accepted14 Sep 2018
Deposited05 Jul 2023
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