Meditation and auditory attention : An ERP study of meditators and non-meditators

Journal article


Biedermann, Britta, de Lissa, Peter, Mahajan, Yatin, Polito, Vince, Badcock, Nicolas, Connors, Michael H., Quinto, Lena, Larsen, Linda and McArthur, Genevieve. (2016). Meditation and auditory attention : An ERP study of meditators and non-meditators. International Journal of Psychophysiology. 109, pp. 63-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.09.016
AuthorsBiedermann, Britta, de Lissa, Peter, Mahajan, Yatin, Polito, Vince, Badcock, Nicolas, Connors, Michael H., Quinto, Lena, Larsen, Linda and McArthur, Genevieve
Abstract

The findings of a study by Cahn and Polich (2009) suggests that there is an effect of a meditative state on three event-related potential (ERP) brain markers of “low-level” auditory attention (i.e., acoustic representations in sensory memory) in expert meditators: the N1, the P2, and the P3a. The current study built on these findings by examining trait and state effects of meditation on the passive auditory mismatch negativity (MMN), N1, and P2 ERPs. We found that the MMN was significantly larger in meditators than non-meditators regardless of whether they were meditating or not (a trait effect), and that N1 amplitude was significantly attenuated during meditation in non-meditators but not expert meditators (an interaction between trait and state). These outcomes suggest that low-level attention is superior in long-term meditators in general. In contrast, low-level attention is reduced in non-meditators when they are asked to meditate for the first time, possibly due to auditory fatigue or cognitive overload.

KeywordsERPs; N1; MMN; auditory attention; meditation
Year2016
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Journal citation109, pp. 63-70
PublisherElsevier B.V.
ISSN0167-8760
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2016.09.016
PubMed ID27693547
Scopus EID2-s2.0-84991501116
Open accessPublished as green open access
Page range63-70
FunderAustralian Research Council (ARC)
Macquarie University
Author's accepted manuscript
License
File Access Level
Open
Publisher's version
License
All rights reserved
File Access Level
Controlled
Output statusPublished
Publication dates
Online28 Sep 2016
Publication process dates
Accepted26 Sep 2016
Deposited06 Jul 2023
ARC Funded ResearchThis output has been funded, wholly or partially, under the Australian Research Council Act 2001
Grant IDCE110001021
9201401476
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